1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Teramnus P.Browne

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial herbs, climbing or trailing, more rarely erect subshrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately or subdigitately 3-foliolate; stipels and stipules present
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, falsely racemose, the flowers paired or in fascicles along the axis, or flowers in axillary fascicles
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5-lobed according to whether the upper 2 lobes are free or united
    Corolla
    Standard obovate or rounded, not appendaged nor auriculate, glabrous or with few hairs near middle Corolla small, almost or quite glabrous
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen free or joined to the others; 5 normal anthers with alternate anthers small and sterile or lacking
    Pistil
    Ovary linear, many-ovuled, often with tuft of hairs at the apex; style short and thick or obsolete, glabrous but hidden in a hair-tuft; stigma capitate
    Fruits
    Pod linear, ± 8-seeded, the style-base accrescent, forming a right-angled hook at the apex
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong, ovoid or subglobose; hilum short, sometimes circular, lateral, with a small thin scale-like aril; sometimes there is a rough granular coating on the seed-surface apparently due to the breakdown of the epidermis, otherwise the surface is smooth and shining.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Trailing or climbing perennial herbs, rarely subshrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately (or subdigitately 3-foliolate); stipels and stipules present.
    Flowers
    Flowers paired or in clusters in the axils, or more commonly paired or clustered along axillary axes.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, the upper two lobes united or not.
    Corolla
    Corolla small; standard obovate to rounded, glabrous apart from occasional hairs around the centre.
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen free or joined to the others; 5 anthers normally developed, alternate anthers poorly developed or lacking.
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile, many-ovuled, linear, often with a tuft of hairs at the apex surrounding the style; style short, thick, glabrous, with a capitate stigma.
    Fruits
    Pod linear; style base accrescent, forming a right-angled hook at the apex.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong, ovoid or subglobose, with a short hilum and sometimes a thin rim aril.
    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Note

    Previous accounts of the Phaseoleae by Baudet (1978) and Lackey (1981) recognised 90 and 84 genera and c. 1540 and 1480 species respectively in the tribe. In an equivalent, i.e. traditionally held view of Phaseoleae, 89 genera and (1554)–1567–(1580) species are treated here (Table 9; Fig. 47). Changes between Baudet (1978) and this treatment are that eleven genera are now in synonymy or have subsequently been placed in Millettieae, two genera have been transferred from Desmodieae and eight new genera have been added. Vigna has traditionally been thought to comprise some 150–200 species, but Vigna sens. strict. may contain fewer than 100.

    Recent molecular analyses of the tribe, however, have emphasised both the polyphyletic and paraphyletic nature of Phaseoleae as traditionally circumscribed (Bruneau & Doyle, 1990; Doyle & Doyle, 1993; Delgado Salinas et al., 1993; Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997, 2000; Kajita et al., 2001; Goel et al., 2001; Lee & Hymowitz, 2001). This has required a radical realignment of elements of the phaseoloids (Table 9; Fig. 47), with at least two major clades being evident: Phaseoleae subtribes Diocleinae and Ophrestiinae which together with tribe Abreae are allied to the core-Millettieae (Fig. 45), and the remaining groups comprising a Phaseoleae sens. lat. clade. The rbcL phylogeny of Kajita et al. (2001) and the ITS analysis of Hu et al. (2002) are equivocal as to which clade subtribe Clitoriinae belongs. Phaseoleae sens. lat. also includes two traditionally independent tribes, the Desmodieae and Psoraleeae. Delimiting a recircumscribed Phaseoleae sens. strict is thus very problematic. A solution may be to recognise a broad tribe Phaseoleae, comprising the subtribes Kennediinae, Cajaninae, Phaseolinae and Glycininae, assorted basally branching genera, and tribes Desmodieae and Psoraleeae (both treated at subtribal level).

    Placed in subtribe Glycininae; a natural genus but species delimitation is difficult
    Habit
    Climbing herbs or subshrubs
    Ecology
    Mainly seasonally dry tropical bushland and thicket, grassland, wooded grassland and forest clearings, often in open and rocky dry areas
    Distribution
    Principally Old World tropics (Africa, SE Asia [Indian subcontinent, S China, Indo-China, to Malesia]); 1 sp. neotropical and 2 pantropical
    [LOWO]
    Use
    Used for ground cover, has potential as pasture (forage) plants

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    French Guiana

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Fiji, Guyana, Netherlands Antilles, Queensland, Seychelles

    Teramnus P.Browne appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 290 (1756)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 2: 180.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Swartz, Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ.: 105 (1788).
    • Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 290 (1756).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in K.B. 24: 263 (1970)
    • Sw., Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ.: 105 (1788)
    • Hist. Jamaica: 290 (1756)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0