1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Piloselloides (Less.) C.Jeffrey
      1. Piloselloides hirsuta (Forssk.) C.Jeffrey ex Cufod.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to China and Indo-China, Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali).

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Herb with thick perennial rootstock and fleshy roots; crown of rootstock densely woolly with long white hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves prostrate or semi-prostrate, lanceolate or oblanceolate, obovate, broadly elliptic or ovate, 5.5–30 cm long, 1–8 cm wide, base attenuate to cuneate or rounded to an unwinged petioloid base, margins entire, apex obtuse to rounded, sometimes very shortly acuminate, pinnately veined, ± densely cottony-pilose and sometimes woolly on petioloid base and lower part of mid-rib beneath, scattered-pilose to almost glabrous above, with usually prominently brownish-hairy margins.
    Inflorescences
    Scapes 1–3 from each rosette, rarely precocious, green or purplish, 7–95 cm long, ± tomentose in lower part, the uppermost ± 2 cm immediately below the capitulum inflated and very densely tomentose with usually golden-brown hairs, ebracteate or rarely with a few small bracts towards the apex; capitula with the rays ± equalling the involucre, ± 2 cm in diameter; involucre narrowly urn-shaped or cylindrical, 16–28 mm long, becoming broader and slightly longer in fruit; phyllaries ± 25–55, green or purplish or purplish only at the tips, lanceolate, the longest 13–19 mm long, acute, usually densely brownish-pilose, rarely subglabrous.
    Florets
    Outer florets ± 15–35, female; corolla 12.5–15.5 mm long, with the outer lip ray-like, 5–10 mm long, ± 1.2 mm wide, white usually tinged pink to maroon on the outside, at least at the apex; outermost inner florets female, ± 15–65 or rarely absent, innermost ± 15–50 hermaphrodite; corollas white, 7.5–11 mm long, lips subequal.
    Fruits
    Achenes brownish, minutely pubescent, fusiform, ± 3-angled with 5–7 prominent ribs, attenuate into a long beak, 8–11(–19) mm long; pappus of tawny setae 7.5–9 mm long.
    Figures
    Fig. 3/5–6.
    Habitat
    A pyrophyte of grassland in seasonally wet places, wooded grassland, open deciduous woodland, deciduous forest, heath and moor; 900–3700 m
    Distribution
    Cameroon, Congo (Kinshasa), Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, and south to South AfricaYemen, Madagascar, eastern Himalaya, Assam, northern Burma, Thailand and Indo-China, south China, Java K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    An acaulescent perennial herb, from a thickened woody rootstock; rootcrowns densely long silky-lanate; roots numerous slender thong-like.
    Leaves
    Leaves few to many, radical, ascending or spreading; petiole up to c. 10 cm. long, but usually shorter or absent; lamina usually turning dark-brown on drying, 4–20(30) x 1.5–7 cm., broadly oblanceolate, rounded or sub-obtuse mucronulate at the apex, attenuate sometimes broadly cuneate, or rounded below and ± decurrent on the petiole, margins entire, upper surface sparsely pilose-hispid to glabrescent, lower surface thinly pilose or araneose to glabrescent; midrib and margins silky-villose, more densely so towards the base and on the rootcrown.
    Scape
    Scapes solitary sometimes several, appearing with the young leaves, erect slender, elongating after seed-set to c. 90 cm. long, widening at the apex, brown pilose to glabrescent in the lower part, villose above becoming more densely so and usually golden-brown just below the apex, the hairs one or more times obliquely septate.
    Capitulum
    Capitula solitary erect; involucres mostly 16–28 x 15–35 mm., broadly obconic; phyllaries drying dark-purplish or brown, from c. 12 mm. long outside to c. 26 mm. long inside, linear-triangular tapering to an acute apex, hispid-pilose to glabrescent, the inner with hyaline often undulate margins.
    Florets
    Outer florets female, of two kinds; a marginal series of ray-florets with the outer lip strap-shaped, usually creamy-white and tinged reddish below, or mauve to dark-red, rays erect c. 7 x 1 mm. exceeding the pappus by up to c. 6 mm., linear minutely 3-dentate, the inner lip of 2 linear often curled lobes 2–3 mm. long, the tube c. 7 mm. long cylindric, pappus copius, several seriate of minutely barbellate setae 6–11 mm. long, achenes8–11 mm. long increasing to c. 19 mm. long including a beak to c. 14 mm. long in mature achenes, narrowly flask-shaped and long-beaked at the apex, narrowly 4–8-ribbed, sparsely puberulous; a submarginal series of fewer florets, bilabiate not markedly strap-shaped, corollas 9–10 mm. long, slender-tubular, the outer lip 1.5–2 mm. long and minutely 3-dentate, the inner lip of 2 erect linear lobes, the pappus and achenes as for the outer ray-florets. Central florets creamy-white, numerous, functionally male, corollas to c. 11 mm. long, 2-lipped, the outer lip minutely 3-dentate, the inner lip with 2 linear curved lobes; pappus and achenes as for ray-florets.
    Female
    Outer florets female, of two kinds; a marginal series of ray-florets with the outer lip strap-shaped, usually creamy-white and tinged reddish below, or mauve to dark-red, rays erect c. 7 x 1 mm. exceeding the pappus by up to c. 6 mm., linear minutely 3-dentate, the inner lip of 2 linear often curled lobes 2–3 mm. long, the tube c. 7 mm. long cylindric, pappus copius, several seriate of minutely barbellate setae 6–11 mm. long, achenes8–11 mm. long increasing to c. 19 mm. long including a beak to c. 14 mm. long in mature achenes, narrowly flask-shaped and long-beaked at the apex, narrowly 4–8-ribbed, sparsely puberulous; a submarginal series of fewer florets, bilabiate not markedly strap-shaped, corollas 9–10 mm. long, slender-tubular, the outer lip 1.5–2 mm. long and minutely 3-dentate, the inner lip of 2 erect linear lobes, the pappus and achenes as for the outer ray-florets.
    Male
    Central florets creamy-white, numerous, functionally male, corollas to c. 11 mm. long, 2-lipped, the outer lip minutely 3-dentate, the inner lip with 2 linear curved lobes; pappus and achenes as for ray-florets.
    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A perennial herb
    Inflorescences
    Solitary flower-heads on leafless peduncles 6-18 in. high, arising from a rosette of leaves
    Florets
    Outer florets pale crimson to greenish-yellow
    Ecology
    In hill grassland.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Hainan, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Piloselloides hirsuta (Forssk.) C.Jeffrey ex Cufod. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ash [338], Ethiopia 6049.391
    Forster, J.R. [s.n.], New Zealand Arnica hirsuta K001092171
    Jan 1, 2009 Ezrom, P. [282], Tanzania Gerbera piloselloides K000614938
    Jan 1, 1982 [illegible] [274], Ethiopia Gerbera piloselloides K000252109
    Gossweiler, J. [2298], Angola Gerbera piloselloides K001307207
    Schimper [185], Ethiopia Gerbera piloselloides K000252112
    Schimper [185], Ethiopia Gerbera piloselloides K000252110 isotype
    Schimper [185], Ethiopia Gerbera piloselloides K000252111
    Schimper [185], Ethiopia Gerbera piloselloides K000252113
    Welwitsch, F.M.J [3598], Angola Gerbera piloselloides K001307249
    Welwitsch, F.M.J [3597], Angola Gerbera piloselloides K001307248

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 37(3): 1180 (1967)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0