1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Stomatanthes R.M.King & H.Rob.
      1. Stomatanthes africanus (Oliv. & Hiern) R.M.King & H.Rob.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Perennial sub-shrub 20–120 cm high, with 1-several stems arising from a xylopodium 1–3.5 cm in diameter, the stems erect, rigid, woody, somewhat branched, colour from straw-colour through reddish brown to black, short-pubescent, more densely so on apical part.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate to sub-opposite, sessile to shortly petiolate, petiole to 6 mm, blade lanceolate to ovate, 0.8–6.2(–8) cm long, 0.2–2.2(–4.5) cm wide, margins often slightly thickened, entire to serrate, sometimes irregularly lobulate, pubescent, especially on veins, sometimes glabrous or pubescence confined to leaf margins, glandular-punctate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of dense corymbs; bracts 3.5–10 mm long, linear to linear-lanceolate and foliaceous; capitula 8–14 mm long, 3–6 mm wide, stalks of individual capitula 2–10 mm, apparently extending in fruit up to 18 mm; phyllaries 5–7, 1–2-seriate, if outer series present 3–5 mm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, somewhat shorter than inner series, 4–9 mm long, 1–3.5 mm wide, green, sometimes with reddish or purplish tips, lanceolate to oblong-ovate, pubescent, ± glandular-punctate towards apices, with scarious, fimbriate margins, apex obtuse; receptacle flat.
    Florets
    Florets 4–5, corolla 5–7 mm long, whitish, narrowly campanulate at the apex, 5-lobed, outer surface ± covered with hairs and/or small glands; anthers brown, basally obtuse with ovate apical appendages, anther-collars thickened; style-arms linear, very long, often contorted, shortly appendaged.
    Fruits
    Achenes brown, 3–4 mm long, ± 6-ribbed, setuliferous or with some evidence of setae and often with glands, straw-coloured carpopodium evident; pappus uniseriate, straw-coloured, 5–8 mm long, dense.
    Figures
    Fig. 180 (page 826).
    Habitat
    Pyrophyte, often found on regularly burned highland grassland, a weed of cultivation, also in woodland; grows in dense clumps;(350–)1050–2450 m
    Distribution
    K3 K5 T1 T4 T5 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4
    [KBu]

    Hind, D.J.N. & Goyder, D.J. 2014. Stomatanthes tundavalaensis (Compositae: Eupatorieae: Eupatoriinae), a new species from Huíla Province, Angola, and a synopsis of the African species of Stomatanthes. Kew Bulletin 69: 9545. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12

    Distribution
    Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo (Brazzaville), Congo (Kinshasa), Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, Angola, South Africa.
    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A herb or undershrub with usually several erect curled-pubescent stems 6 in. to 3 ft. high arising from a perennial woody stock
    Florets
    Florets cream to greyish-mauve, rather few in numerous small heads clustered at the branch-tips
    Ecology
    In grassland, mostly in hilly districts.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Stomatanthes africanus (Oliv. & Hiern) R.M.King & H.Rob. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Mwangoka, M.A. [4153], Tanzania K000614914
    Jan 1, 2007 Luke, W.R.Q. [11632], Tanzania K000197177
    Dec 1, 1999 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000768734 syntype
    Hepper, F.N. [2129], Cameroon K000050979
    Hepper, F.N. [1888], Cameroon K000050980
    Maitland, T.D. [1412], Cameroon K000050990
    Maitland, T.D. [1492], Cameroon K000050991
    Schweinfurth, G. [2897], Congo K000273395 syntype
    Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000273398 Unknown type material
    McClounie, J. [30], Malawi K000768733 syntype
    Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000273397 Unknown type material
    Thomson, J. [7], Malawi K000768732 syntype
    Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30040], Cameroon K000051852
    Jackson G. [2509], Cameroon K000051853
    Ash [1985], Ethiopia Eupatorium africanum 35538.000

    First published in Phytologia 19: 430 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • (King & Robinson 1970: 430).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 204, t. 83 pro parte (1994).
    • Lisowski, Asterac. Afr. Centr. 2: 452, fig. 93 (1991).
    • R.M. King & H. Rob., the Genera of the Eupatorieae: 71, t. 6 (1987).
    • H.M. Burkill, Useful Pl. W. Trop. Afr. ed. 2, 1: 492 (1985).
    • R.M.King & H.Rob. in Phytologia 19: 430 (1970).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0