1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Tolpis Adans.
      1. Tolpis capensis Sch.Bip.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Perennial scapose herb; taproot fleshy, stout; root-crown lanate.
    Scape
    Scapes 20–80 cm tall, solitary or several, branching only distally, slender, ribbed, sparsely pilose proximally but otherwise glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2–8, in a rosette, lanceolate to obovate, 1–17 cm long, 0.5–3 cm wide, base cuneate to long-attenuate and resembling a petiole, margins remotely denticulate, apex rounded or acute, glabrous to sparsely pubescent, sometimes the veins red; rarely with few very narrow cauline leaves.
    Capitulum
    Capitula several to many in lax panicles, on long slender stalks; involucre obconic-campanulate with bracteoles extending down the stalk; phyllaries dark green, linear to lanceolate, 6–10 mm long, attenuate, pubescent to tomentose, glandular.
    Florets
    Florets many; corolla (lemon) yellow drying greenish, tube cylindric, 2.5–5 mm long, pilose, ligule erect, 3–6 mm long, the outer florets longer and more deeply lobed than the inner, pubescent beneath.
    Fruits
    Achenes 2–3.5 mm long, 4–5-angled, finely ribbed; pappus of barbellate setae 3.5–7 mm long.
    Figures
    Fig. 16.
    Habitat
    Grassland, especially on thin or rocky soils and where regularly burned, also in open woodland and as a weed of cultivation; may be locally common;1800–3300 m
    Distribution
    K3 K4 T2 T3 T4 T7 U1
    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    An erect scapose perennial herb from a stout semi-woody taproot; rootcrowns lanate.
    Scape
    Scapes up to c. 80 cm. tall, solitary or several, branching above, slender, finely ribbed, ± sparsely pilose below, glabrous above.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2–8, sub-rosulate, rarely also 1–2 cauline, mostly 4–5 x 1 -1.5 cm., oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic, sometimes up to 15 cm. long and narrowly oblanceolate, or up to 3.5 cm. wide and narrowly obovate, apex acute to rounded, base narrowly cuneate to attenuate, margins remotely denticulate, lamina glabrous to sparsely pubescent.
    Capitulum
    Capitula many, laxly corymbiform cymose or paniculate, stalks up to 26 cm. long.
    Involucre
    Involucres up to c. 11 x 7 mm. in flower, obconic-campanulate, cylindric in bud with hooded phyllaries, subtended by 2–21 subulate bracteoles which extend down the capitulum stalk.
    Phyllaries
    Phyllaries 2-seriate, sub-equal, 6–8(10) mm. long, linear to narrowly lanceolate, attenuate at the apex, pubescent to tomentose and papillose-glandular outside, the outer phyllaries often with a thickened ± verruculose midrib, phyllaries changing abruptly into bracteoles.
    Florets
    Florets numerous, corollas 9–10.5 mm. long, corolla tube c. 5 mm. long, cylindrical, crisped-pilose outside; ligule erect yellow, often drying greenish, equalling or exceeding the tube in length, strap-shaped, pubescent on the back, apical lobes papillose, ligules often longer and more deeply lobed in the outer florets.
    Fruits
    Achenes 2–3.5 mm. long, narrowly obconic-turbinate, 4–5-angled, finely 12–15-ribbed; pappus of 20–30 persistent rigid barbellate setae 5–7 mm. long, often with an outer whorl of minute setae.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cape Provinces, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Tolpis capensis Sch.Bip. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Luke, W.R.Q. [11266], Tanzania K000545411
    Jan 1, 1996 Fries, R.E. [1527], Kenya K000252081
    Mandon, G. [159], Madeira K000252080
    Fries, R.E. [301], Kenya K000252082
    Mphamba, S. [24], Mozambique K000613720
    Lyall [365], Madagascar Tolpis madagascariensis K000252086

    First published in Bonplandia 9: 172 (1861)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 229 (1994).
    • G.V. Pope in Flora Zambesiaca 6: 190, t. 33 (1992).
    • Lawalrée, Dethier & Gilissen in Flore d'Afrique Centrale Compositae: Cichorioideae: 7, t. 1 (1986).
    • Lawalrée in Fl. Rwanda 3: 684 (1985).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 18: 432 (1966).
    • Sch. Bip. in Bonplandia 9: 172 (1861).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0