1. Family: Connaraceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Rourea Aubl.
      1. Rourea coccinea (Schumach. & Thonn.) Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to W. Tanzania and Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Connaraceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Straggling or scandent shrub, height to 3 m.
    Branches
    Branches reddish brown with numerous lenticels.
    Leaves
    Leaf-rhachis 4–12 cm. long, pilose when young, later glabrescent. Leaflets 4–9 (usually 5–6) pairs, oval, elliptic to oblong, 0.5–3 cm. long, 0.3–2 cm. wide, apex rounded to emarginate, base ± rounded to cuneate, lateral leaflets oblique; lower surface of young leaflet pilose especially on midrib, later glabrescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence rhachis to 4 cm. long, slender, ± glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers fragrant.
    Calyx
    Sepals broadly ovate, to 2 mm. long, 1.9 mm. wide, margins ciliate.
    Corolla
    Petals white to pale yellow, narrowly elliptic, to 9 mm. long, 2 mm. wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; long-stamened flowers, 5 episepalous stamens to 6 mm. long, 5 epipetalous to 4.5 mm. long; short-stamened flowers, 5 episepalous stamens to 2.5 mm. long, 5 epipetalous to 2 mm. long; filament-tube very short.
    Pistil
    Ovary ± 1 mm. long, styles of long-stamened flowers to 1.5 mm. long, styles of short-stamened flowers to 6 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Mature follicle red, to 1.8 cm. long, 1 cm. diam., sepals clasping base at first, later reflexing.
    Seeds
    Seed 1.5 cm. long, 8 mm. diam., pseudo-aril yellow or orange, lobed, enclosing seed almost to apex; exposed testa black; radicle ventral.
    Habitat
    Open areas in woodland and on edges of forest, 0-1500 m.
    Distribution
    T4 widely distributed to the west from French Guinea to Angola, Belgian Congo and southwards to Northern Rhodesia, apparently just reaching our area on the eastern shores of Lake Tanganyika
    [FZ]

    Connaraceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    A shrub, scrambling or ± erect, up to 6 m. in height, or a rhizomatous shrublet; branchlets slender, brownish, with numerous lenticels.
    Rachis
    Leaf-rhachis 3–7 cm. long, pilose when young, later glabrescent.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets (4)5–6(9) pairs, 1·5–3 × 0·5–1·8 cm., elliptic to ovate, apex rounded to emarginate, base asymmetric and ± rounded to cuneate; lower surface of young leaflets pilose especially on the midrib, later glabrescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence-rhachis up to 4 cm. long, slender, glabrescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers sweet-scented.
    Calyx
    Sepals up to 3 × 2·5 mm., broadly ovate.
    Corolla
    Petals white to creamy-white, up to 8·5 × 3 mm., narrowly elliptic to obovate.
    Stamens
    Long-staminate flowers with 5 antisepalous stamens up to 5 mm. long and 5 antipetalous ones up to 3·8 mm. long; short-staminate flowers with 5 antisepalous stamens up to 2·8 mm. long and 5 antipetalous ones up to 2 mm. long; stamens connate at the base for c. 1 mm.
    Carpels
    Carpels of long-staminate flowers up to 2·3 mm. long, those of short-staminate flowers up to 4·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Follicles bright glossy scarlet, up to 2 × 0·8 cm.
    Seeds
    Seed glossy black, 1·8 × 0·6 cm., f-covered with a fleshy dull-orange pseudaril; radicle ventral.
    [FWTA]

    Connaraceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub or climber about 6 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers white
    Fruits
    Fruits red, aril yellow and seed black
    Ecology
    In secondary forest or thickets in savannah.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre

    Rourea coccinea (Schumach. & Thonn.) Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [3885], Zambia Byrsocarpus coccineus 15585.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [5070], Ghana Byrsocarpus coccineus 15587.000

    First published in W.J.Hooker, Niger Fl.: 290 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0