1. Family: Connaraceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Rourea Aubl.
      1. Rourea minor (Gaertn.) Alston

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Old World.

    [FZ]

    Connaraceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Shrub, sometimes scandent, or woody liane; young branches glabrescent, lenticels inconspicuous.
    Rachis
    Leaf-rhachis up to 20 cm. long, glabrescent.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 2–5 pairs, 7–10 × 3·5–6 cm., ovate to ovate-elliptic, glabrous, apex long and narrowly acuminate or shorter and more bluntly acuminate, base rounded to broadly cuneate, ± symmetrical.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary, fascicled; rhachis up to 6 cm. long, glabrescent; branchlets slender.
    Flowers
    Flowers fragrant.
    Calyx
    Sepals 3–4 × 3–3·5 mm., broadly ovate, margin ciliate, otherwise glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals white or pinkish (?), up to 8 × 3·5 mm., oblong-obovate.
    Stamens
    Long-staminate flowers with 5 antisepalous stamens up to 5·5 mm. long and 5 antipetalous ones up to 4 mm. long; short-staminate flowers with 5 antisepalous stamens up to 4 mm. long and 5 antipetalous ones up to 2·5 mm. long; filaments slightly connate at base; anthers obcordate.
    Carpels
    Carpels of long-staminate flowers up to 2·5 mm. long, those of short-staminate flowers up to 6 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit an obliquely ovoid follicle up to 2 × 1·2 cm., apex acute; dehiscence by irregular basal slits; pericarp red when mature.
    Seeds
    Seed up to 1·3 × 0·7 cm., narrowly ovoid, slightly compressed, totally enclosed within a pale juicy aril.
    [FWTA]

    Connaraceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A straggling shrub about 10 ft. high or a climber up to 60 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers white or pinkish
    Fruits
    Fruits red
    Ecology
    By streams and in forest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, East Himalaya, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Mali, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Philippines, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Zambia, Zaïre

    Rourea minor (Gaertn.) Alston appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4437], Cameroon K000198312
    Jan 1, 2000 Onana, J.-M. [592], Cameroon K000198310
    Jan 1, 1989 Henry, A. [s.n.], Yunnan K000695994
    Mar 1, 1963 Hamid, H. [5170], Peninsular Malaysia K000695977 holotype
    Jan 1, 1958 Ridley, H.N. [2657], Peninsular Malaysia K000695975 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1958 Griffith [1265], Peninsular Malaysia K000695973 syntype
    Jan 1, 1958 Beccari, O. [2831], Sarawak K000691083 lectotype
    Jan 1, 1958 Beccari, O. [2831], Sarawak K000691084 lectotype
    Jan 1, 1958 Beccari, O. [2685], Sarawak K000691085 syntype
    Jan 1, 1958 Beccari, O. [205], Indonesia K000691090 paratype
    Jan 1, 1958 Beccari, O. [251], Indonesia K000691091 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1958 Curtis, C. [504], Peninsular Malaysia K000695976
    Jan 1, 1958 Vidal, S. [233], Philippines K000691071
    Jan 1, 1958 Michalitz [s.n.], Philippines K000691070
    Jan 1, 1958 s.coll. [s.n.], Singapore K000695972 syntype
    Jan 1, 1958 Elmer, A.D.E. [14229], Philippines K000691064
    Jan 1, 1958 Elmer, A.D.E. [11180], Philippines K000691065
    Jan 1, 1958 Balansa, B. [1514], Vietnam K000691093
    Jan 1, 1958 Balansa, B. [3147], Vietnam K000691094 syntype
    Jan 1, 1958 Cuming, H. [752], Philippines K000691062 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1958 Cuming, H. [752], Philippines K000691063
    Jan 1, 1958 Cuming, H. [949], Philippines K000691068 syntype
    Jan 1, 1958 Cuming, H. [1172], Philippines K000691069
    Jan 1, 1958 Cuming, H. [1172], Philippines K000691072 syntype
    Jan 1, 1958 Ramos, M. [24297], Philippines K000691067
    Jan 1, 1958 Dr. King's Collector [4622], Peninsular Malaysia K000695978 syntype
    Jan 1, 1958 Dr. King's Collector [4622], Peninsular Malaysia K000695979
    Jan 1, 1958 Dr. King's Collector [953], Peninsular Malaysia K000695980 syntype
    Jan 1, 1958 Kalong, F.G. [2882], Sarawak K000691086 syntype
    Griffith [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia K000695974
    Griffith [s.n.], Nicobar Is. K000695987
    Korthals, P.W. [s.n.], Sumatera K000691088
    Korthals, P.W. [s.n.] K000691089
    s.coll. [s.n.], Assam K000695991
    s.coll. [s.n.], Assam K000695992
    s.coll. [s.n.], Indonesia K000691087
    Elmer, A.D.E. [14309], Philippines K000691066
    Ramos, M. [s.n.], Philippines K000691073
    Dr. King's Collector [953], Peninsular Malaysia K000695981
    Pierre, J.B.L. [3354], Vietnam K000691097
    s.coll. [s.n.], India Rourea commutata K000695989
    Silva, F.de [s.n.], India Rourea commutata K000695988
    Silva, F.de [s.n.], India Rourea commutata K000695990
    Millett, C. [s.n.], China Rourea santaloides K000696000
    Beechey, F.W. [s.n.], China Rourea santaloides K000695999 Unknown type material
    Drummond, R.B. [4034A], Kenya Santaloides splendida 11427.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3427], Tanzania Santaloides splendida 16433.000
    Andrews, F.W. [1587], Sudan Santaloides gudjuana 9860.000

    First published in H.Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6(Suppl.): 67 (1931)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Toyama, H. & al. (2013). Inventory of the woody flora in Permanent plats of Kampong Thom and Kompong Chhnang provinces, Cambodia Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 64: 45-105.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
    • Gardner, R.O. (2011). Trees and shrubs of Niue: an identification guide to the island's indigenous and naturalised woody plants: 1-244. R.O. Gardner, Auckland, New Zealand.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1980). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 1: 1-508. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Toyama, H. & al. (2013). Inventory of the woody flora in Permanent plats of Kampong Thom and Kompong Chhnang provinces, Cambodia Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 64: 45-105.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
    • Gardner, R.O. (2011). Trees and shrubs of Niue: an identification guide to the island's indigenous and naturalised woody plants: 1-244. R.O. Gardner, Auckland, New Zealand.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1980). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 1: 1-508. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hemsley, J.H. (1956). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Connaraceae: 1-26.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0