1. Family: Bromeliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Vriesea Lindl.
      1. Vriesea hatschbachii L.B.Sm. & Read

        Vriesea hatschbachii is a handsome green-flowered member of the Bromeliaceae (pineapple family). It was first described in 1975 from a specimen found in the highlands near Gouveia in Minas Gerais, the state with the largest plant diversity in Brazil. Collected by Gert Hatschbach, it was named after him by Lyman B. Smith and Robert Read. Although botanists and amateurs tried to discover more about this species over the succeeding years, it was believed to be extinct.

    [KSP]
    General Description
    Previously considered extinct, the bromeliad Vriesea hatschbachii has recently been re-discovered in the Brazilian highlands.

    Vriesea hatschbachii is a handsome green-flowered member of the Bromeliaceae (pineapple family). It was first described in 1975 from a specimen found in the highlands near Gouveia in Minas Gerais, the state with the largest plant diversity in Brazil. Collected by Gert Hatschbach, it was named after him by Lyman B. Smith and Robert Read. Although botanists and amateurs tried to discover more about this species over the succeeding years, it was believed to be extinct.

    However, during a field survey in 2009, this curious bromeliad was finally found again growing amongst rocks beside a stream. Rafaela Forzza, a Brazilian specialist in the Bromeliaceae, was told of this exciting discovery and confirmed that this find represented a second location for the, until then, lost species. The point of collection was recorded using GPS (global positioning system).

    Species Profile

    Geography and distribution

    Known from only two locations in the Cadeia do Espinhaço in Minas Gerais, it was originally described from Gouveia, an area affected by frequent, fierce fires, but has now also been found in Santana de Pirapama.

    Description

    Vriesea hatschbachii grows in rosettes, with long, strap-shaped, pale green, leaves. The leaves are over 80 cm long and about 5 cm wide.

    The pale green inflorescences are borne on stalks up to 1.2 m long, and have boat-shaped greenish-cream bracts packed towards the end of the stalks, enclosing groups of flowers that, when open, all face to one side. The flowers have three yellowish sepals and three cream petals, all of which are erect. The anthers are white, and are exposed above the petals.

    The inflorescence bracts are filled with a mucilaginous substance that protects the flower-buds against desiccation in the arid climate. It is thought that pollination is carried out by bats, and that the resulting small seeds are wind-dispersed.

    Bromeliad names

    The most recent phylogenetic work available (published by Michael Barfuss et al. in 2005), presents two possible approaches regarding Vriesea and related genera. The convention followed by Forzza et al. (2010) involves the subdivision of the large genus Vriesea into 3 genera: Vriesea, Alcantarea and Werauhia. However, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families project supports the use of Vriesea without subdivisions, and the latter approach is followed here.

    Threats and conservation

    After its discovery in 1975, no specimens were found for more than 30 years and it was believed to be extinct, until its recent rediscovery. This rare species is known from only two localities.

    The discovery of this species

    Vriesea hatschbachii was discovered at the furthest point of a strenuous 10 km hike over mountains, whilst mapping and describing vegetation types in the municipality of Santana do Pirapama for conservation management purposes.

    This fieldwork was part of Kew's ongoing Toucan Cipó project, during which many other new species of plants were discovered, for example the bromeliads Encholirium ctenophyllum and Encholirium agavoides.

    The Tropical America team at Kew focuses on conservation surveys in interesting and biodiverse areas of Brazil and other South American countries, providing data to improve the management of protected areas.

    Distribution
    Brazil
    Ecology
    Brazilian highlands or ‘campos rupestres’ (shrubby montane savanna).
    Conservation
    Rare. Known from only two localities.
    Hazards

    None known.

    Images

    Distribution

    Found In:

    Brazil Southeast

    Vriesea hatschbachii L.B.Sm. & Read appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Phytologia 30: 292 (1975)

    Accepted in:

    • [5] Govaerts, R. (2004) World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS . The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    • [1] Forzza, R.C., Baumgratz, J.F., Costa, A., Hopkins, M., Leitman, P.M., Lohmann, L.G., Martinelli, G., Morim, M.P., Coelho, M.A.N., Peixoto, A.L., Pirani, J.R., Queiroz, L.P., Stehmann, J.R., Walter, B.M.T. & Zappi, D. (2010). As Angiospermas do Brasil. In: Catálogo de Plantas e Fungos do Brasil. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, p. 78-89.
    • [2] Versieux, L., Wendt, T., Louzada, R.B. & Wanderley, M.G.L. (2008). Bromeliaceae da Cadeia do Espinhaço. Megadiversidade 4: 98-110.
    • [3] (2006) Selbyana 27: 107-146
    • [4] Barfuss, M.H.J., Samuel, R., Till, W. & Stuessy, T.F. (2005). Phylogenetic relationships in subfamily Tillandsioideae (Bromeliaceae) based on DNA sequence data from seven plastid regions. Am. J. Bot. 92: 337-351.
    • [6] Leme, E.M.C. (1995). Contribuição ao estudo do gênero Alcantarea. Bromélia 2: 22.
    • [7] Smith, L.B. & Read, R.W. (1975). Notes on Bromeliaceae XXXVII. Phytologia 30: 292.

    Sources

    International Plant Names Index
    The International Plant Names Index (2016). Published on the Internet http://www.ipni.org
    [A] © Copyright 2016 International Plant Names Index. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Species Profiles
    Kew Species Profiles
    [B] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    [C]

    World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
    World Checklist of Selected Plant Families(2016). Published on the Internet http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [D] See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    [E] See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
    [F] © Copyright 2016 International Plant Names Index and World Checkist of Selected Plant Families. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0