1. Family: Meliaceae Juss.
    1. Turraea L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Shrubs or small trees, sometimes scrambling
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, alternate, sometimes fasciculate, usually entire, rarely repand, undulate or shallowly lobed
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, solitary or fasciculate or in axillary or terminal cymes or false racemes
    Calyx
    Calyx cupuliform, with (4–)5(–6) teeth or lobes, sometimes almost entire margined, persistent in fruit
    Corolla
    Petals (4–)5, much longer than the calyx, linear-spathulate to linear, imbricate or contorted
    Stamens
    Staminal tube very variable (see below), cylindric, sometimes expanded distally, terminated by simple or 2-lobed, free or partly or completely fused appendages opposite to or alternating with the anthers, or appendages rarely absent; anthers (8–)10, apiculate, inserted on the rim of the staminal tube or inside the tube towards the apex, sessile or with filaments
    Disc
    Disk usually present, sometimes vestigial, partly or completely fused to the base of the staminal tube
    Pistil
    Ovary small, with (4–)5–12 locules, each with 2 anatropous or almost campylotropous superposed ovules; style elongate, exserted, distally expanded to form an ovoid, globose, cylindric or conical style-head of which the proximal part serves as a ‘receptaculum pollinis’ and the distal part forms a disk- or cushion-shaped stigmatic surface
    Fruits
    Fruit a small leathery or woody loculicidal capsule with (4–)5–10 or 12 valves
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform with a large or small, usually conspicuous, white, orange or red aril; testa black or red, shining.
    [FZ]

    Meliaceae, F. White & B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Shrubs or small trees, sometimes scrambling.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, alternate, sometimes fasciculate, usually entire, rarely shallowly lobed.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, solitary or fasciculate or in axillary or terminal cymes or false racemes.
    Calyx
    Calyx cupuliform, with (4) 5 (6) teeth or lobes, sometimes almost entire-margined, persistent in fruit.
    Corolla
    Petals (4) 5, much longer than the calyx, linear-spathulate to linear.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube cylindric, sometimes expanded distally, terminated by simple or 2-lobed free or partly or completely fused appendages opposite to or alternating with the anthers.
    Anthers
    Anthers (8) 10 (20), apiculate, inserted on the rim of the staminal tube or inside the tube towards the apex, sessile or with short filaments.
    Disc
    Disk always present (in our area), sometimes vestigial, partly or completely fused to the base of the staminal tube.
    Ovary
    Ovary small, with (4) 5–10 (20) loculi, each with 2 anatropous or almost campylotropous superposed ovules.
    Style
    Style elongate, distally expanded to form an ovoid, globose, cylindric or conical style-head of which the proximal part serves as a receptaculum pollinis and the distal part forms a disk- or cushion-shaped stigmatic surface.
    Fruits
    Fruit a small leathery or woody loculicidal capsule with (4) 5–10 (20) valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds large, with a large or small, orange or red aril; testa black or red, shining.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Turraea L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    McWhirter, J.H. [233], Madagascar 32428.000
    Cheek, M. [3-1-25], Madagascar 61755.000
    Cheek, M. [3-20-11], Madagascar 63276.000
    Cheek, M., Madagascar 63277.000
    Cheek, M. [3-20-11], Madagascar 63280.000
    Cheek, M. [3-20-3], Madagascar 63281.000
    Cheek, M. [2-1-25], Madagascar 63857.000
    Cheek, M. [2-21-21 A], Madagascar 63918.000
    Cheek, M. [3-28-2], Madagascar 63930.000
    Cheek, M. [3-11-14], Madagascar 63943.000
    Cheek, M. [1125], Madagascar 63945.000
    Cheek, M. [2-20-11], Madagascar 63947.000
    Cheek, M. [3-20-14], Madagascar 63951.000
    Cheek, M. [2-21-1 B], Madagascar 63954.000
    Cheek, M. [3-19-14], Madagascar 63955.000
    Cheek, M. [2-28-2], Madagascar 63957.000
    Miller, A. [8480], Yemen 61757.000
    Bardot-Vaucoulon, M. et al. [1175], Madagascar K000449226

    First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 150 (1771)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 19B, 1: 85 (1940).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 330
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Mant. Pl. Alt.: 150, 237 (1771).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pennington & Styles in Blumea 22: 455 (1975)
    • Mant. Pl. Alt.: 150, 237 (1771)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0