1. Family: Menispermaceae Juss.
    1. Triclisia Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FTEA]

    Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Robust, twining lianes
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, petiolate; blade entire, rarely serrate
    Male
    Male flowers with 9–18 sepals, all densely pubescent outside, the outer ones bract-like, the inner ones suborbicular and somewhat united; petals 6, very small or absent, glabrous and somewhat fleshy; stamens 3–6, free; anther-thecae with obliquely longitudinal dehiscence; a tuft of rusty hairs instead of the gynoecium Male inflorescences of corymb-like cymules or of small, many-flowered panicles
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences similar to the ♂ Male inflorescences of corymb-like cymules or of small, many-flowered panicles
    Flowers
    Female flowers with sepals similar to those of the ♂; petals 3–6 or absent; staminodes reduced; carpels 6–40, pubescent, narrowed into a cylindrical style Male flowers with 9–18 sepals, all densely pubescent outside, the outer ones bract-like, the inner ones suborbicular and somewhat united; petals 6, very small or absent, glabrous and somewhat fleshy; stamens 3–6, free; anther-thecae with obliquely longitudinal dehiscence; a tuft of rusty hairs instead of the gynoecium
    Female
    Female flowers with sepals similar to those of the ♂; petals 3–6 or absent; staminodes reduced; carpels 6–40, pubescent, narrowed into a cylindrical style Female inflorescences similar to the ♂
    Fruits
    Drupes obovoid, flattened, stipitate; exocarp usually velvety, sparsely puberulous; endocarp rugose and fibrous-hairy
    Seeds
    Seeds without endosperm.
    [FZ]

    Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Robust, twining lianes.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, lamina entire, rarely serrate.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences similar to the male. Male inflorescences of corymb-like cymules or of small, many-flowered panicles.
    Flowers
    Female flowers with sepals similar to those of the male, petals 3–6 or absent; staminodes reduced; carpels 6–40, pubescent, narrowed into a cylindrical style. Male flowers with 9–18 sepals, all densely pubescent outside, the outer ones bract-like, the inner ones suborbicular and somewhat united; petals 6, very small or absent, glabrous and somewhat fleshy; stamens 3–6, free; anther-thecae with obliquely longitudinal dehiscence; gynoecium replaced by a tuft of rusty hairs.
    Fruits
    Drupelets obovoid, flattened, stipitate; exocarp usually velvety, sparsely puberulous; endocarp rugose and fibrous-hairy.
    Seeds
    Seeds without endosperm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, Zaïre

    Triclisia Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in G.Bentham & J.D.Hooker, Gen. Pl. 1: 39 (1862)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 48.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Benth. & Hook., Gen. Pl. 1: 39 (1862).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in G.P. 1: 39 (1862)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0