1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Zizania L.
      1. Zizania texana Hitchc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Texas (Hays County).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Stolons absent, or present. Culms decumbent; 100-170 cm long; spongy; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 5-15 mm long. Leaf-blades 10-40 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence. Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; 20-30 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending; 5-10 cm long. Sexes segregated; on unisexual branches; with male below. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Male spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels bearing a few hairs; tip cupuliform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10 mm long; falling entire. Male spikelets distinct from female; linear; 7-9 mm long. Male spikelet glumes absent. Male spikelet lemma 5 -veined; muticous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma linear; 10 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma margins interlocking with palea margins. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 10-20 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; 3 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 6.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear.
    Male
    Male spikelets distinct from female; linear; 7-9 mm long. Male spikelet glumes absent. Male spikelet lemma 5 -veined; muticous.
    Distribution
    North America: south-central USA.
    Reference
    Oryzeae. Gr Texas 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Texas

    Introduced into:

    Myanmar

    Zizania texana Hitchc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Silveus, W.A. [518], Texas K000587407 Unknown type material
    Silveus, W.A. [518], Texas K000587408 Unknown type material
    Silveus, W.A. [518], Texas K000587409 Unknown type material

    First published in J. Washington Acad. Sci. 23: 454 (1933)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0