1. Family: Curtisiaceae (Harms) Takht.
    1. Genus: Curtisia Aiton
      1. Curtisia dentata (Burm.f.) C.A.Sm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Cornaceae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree up to 8(13) m. high.
    Twigs
    Twigs densely covered with a rusty tomentum when young, becoming dark purplish brown and finally greyish and more or less glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, up to 10 × 5·5 cm., simple, ovate (elliptic), coriaceous.
    Leaf margin
    Margins ± regularly serrate in the apical 1/2, the serrations becoming reduced in the basal 1/2 to subentire (very rarely the whole margin may be subentire); apex rounded to acute, occasionally with a small mucro; base rounded to cuneate, rarely slightly oblique.
    Leaf lamina
    Upper surface of the lamina glossy, glabrous but with some hairs along the main vein and some laterals; lower surface densely rusty tomentose when young becoming ± glabrous (apart from the veins) with maturity.
    Leaf veins
    Venation penninerved, regular and conspicuous; petioles up to 2·5 cm. long, tomentose when young, becoming less so with age.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of terminal panicles, the branches with a dense yellowish-brown tomentum.
    Bracts
    Bracts obvious, linear-lanceolate, tomentose, subtending the opposite primary branches of the panicle.
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile to very shortly pedicellate; calyx pubescent, adnate to the ovary but with 4 broadly triangular free teeth; petals 4, 1–1·5 × 0·75 mm., ovate, glabrous within.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, alternating with and slightly shorter than the petals.
    Pistil
    Ovary inferior, turbinate, disk slightly conical, pubescent; style short with stigma with 4 short lobes.
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous, 5–7 × 3–5 mm., subglobose to ovoid, crowned with the remains of the calyx and style, 4-locular with 1 seed in each loculus.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    St.Helena

    Curtisia dentata (Burm.f.) C.A.Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J. S. African Forest. Assoc. 20: 34 50 (1951)

    Accepted by

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/