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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium panamense Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Panama to W. Colombia.


    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2250 m.; Andes, Pacífico.
    Hierba, trepadora, epífita, hemiepífita
    No Evaluada

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Tropical wet and premontane rain forest life zones.
    Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia.
    General Description
    Usually epiphytic, sometimes terrestrial on steep banks or on rocks; stems to ca. 60 cm long, 2-3.5 cm diam., leaf scars to 4 cm diam.; internodes short or to 2 cm long; cataphylls 14-25 cm long, moderately coriaceous, sometimes weakly striate, acute and apiculate at apex, green, sometimes tinged with purple, drying brownish, caducous or weathering toward the base, then deciduous. LEAVES with petioles brittle, semi-erect, 60-90 cm long, 8-12 mm diam. midway, narrowly and sharply sulcate adaxially, weakly striate longitudinally around the circumference, green sometimes tinged with purple; geniculum 3-4 cm long, shaped like petiole, smooth or weakly ribbed; blades coriaceous, epunctate, usually oblong-ovate, sometimes narrowly ovate, acuminate at apex, deeply cordate at base, 52-85 cm long, 17-52 cm wide, broadest well below the middle, the margin more or less straight; anterior lobe 40-80 cm long, broadly convex along the margin; posterior lobes directed basally, 10-24 cm long (from point of petiole attachment to outermost point); sinus usually obovate, generally closed, sometimes hippocrepiform, obtuse to rounded at apex; upper surface matte to semiglossy, weakly velvety and somewhat bullate, drying matte; lower surface matte, slightly paler; midrib prominently raised above, sharply acute, becoming narrower than high in the apical part of the blade, prominently raised beneath, often weakly ribbed; basal veins 5-8 pairs, the first free, the second usually free (approaching petiole at a broad angle approximately 90°), the third rarely free, usually coalesced 1-2 cm with the fourth and higher order veins, the remaining basal veins coalesced to varying degrees, mostly 3-6 cm; posterior rib naked, slightly curved; primary lateral veins 11-20 per side, prominently sunken above, prominently raised beneath; interprimary veins present, usually much less conspicuous than the primary lateral veins; secondary veins in part sunken above; tertiary veins drying prominulous on the lower surface; collective vein arising usually from the second or third basal vein, often prominently loop-connected from the lowermost basal veins, mostly 3-6 mm from the margin, rarely to 10 mm. INFLORESCENCE much shorter than the leaves, usually stiffly erect at anthesis; peduncle 23-42 cm long, one-third to one-half as long as the petioles, terete, smooth, sometimes tinged with purple; spathe green to yellowish green, sometimes tinged with purple (at least on veins), brittle, strongly reflexed and sometimes twisted, oblong-lanceolate, 11-20 cm long, 1.1-3.8 cm wide, broadest just above the base, acuminate at apex, acute at the base, inserted at ca. 45° angle on peduncle; spadix creamy white becoming purplish violet in age, elongate, gradually tapered, 15-25 cm long, 1-1.6 cm diam. near the base, 7-9 mm diam. near the apex, the apex rounded; flowers rhombic, 1.6-2.5 cm long (dried), 1-2.1 mm wide, 19-24 flowers visible in the principal spiral, 14-15 flowers visible in the alternate spiral, the sides sigmoid; tepals epunctate, the lateral tepals 0.3-0.7 mm wide, the inner margin broadly rounded to straight, drying thin. the alternate margin drying prominently upturned, appearing concave; pistils weakly emergent at or slightly after anthesis; stamens weakly exserted above the tepals, filaments weakly exposed, much broader than the anthers, held in a relatively tight cluster around and obscuring the pistil; anthers creamy white, 0.4 mm long, 0.3-0.4 mm wide; thecae not divaricate; pollen whitish. INFRUCTESCENCE 30-40 cm long, 2.5-3.5 cm diam. with berries exposed, berries red, oblong-ellipsoid, 9-10 mm long, 3.5-4.5 mm diam., blunt at both ends, densely arrayed with slender, linear, raphide cells in the apical half; seeds 1-2, oblong-elliptic, 3-3.5 mm long, 1.7-2 mm wide, 1.1-1.2 mm thick, appendaged at one or both ends, sometimes enveloping the entire seed.


    Native to:

    Colombia, Panamá

    Other Data

    Anthurium panamense Croat appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 14: 148 (1986)

    Accepted by

    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.


    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.


    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.