1. Family: Myristicaceae R.Br.
    1. Pycnanthus Warb.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FZ]

    Myristicaceae, B.L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:2. 1997

    Habit
    Evergreen trees or lianes, dioecious or monoecious.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly cordate at the base, minutely punctate and ± glaucous beneath, strongly pinnately nerved; lateral nerves prominent, numerous, tertiary venation subparallel.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences paniculate, divaricately branched with flowers clustered in numerous dense obovoid-globose heads at the ends of the inflorescence branches; flowers sessile; bracteoles absent.
    Flowers
    Female flower perianth as in male; stigma sessile, indistinct. Male flower perianth 3–4-lobed; stamen filaments fused into a slender column; anthers 2–6, adnate to the column about the apical part.
    Fruits
    Fruit oblong, ellipsoid or ± globular with a thick cartilaginous pericarp, dehiscent; pericarp thickly woody-crustaceous in mature fruits.
    Seeds
    Seed testa somewhat thin; aril laciniate; endosperm fatty, ruminate; cotyledons free almost to the base, suberect.
    [FTEA]

    Myristicaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

    Habit
    Evergreen trees or lianes, usually considered dioecious (but see note under species)
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly cordate at base and glaucous beneath, mostly with numerous lateral nerves and subparallel tertiary venation
    Inflorescences
    Panicles divaricate, with clustered or ± scattered heads of sessile claviform or obovoid flowers; bracteoles absent
    Flowers
    Male with perianth 3–4-fid; stamens with filaments fused into a slender column; anthers 2–6, adnate to the apex of the column Female with perianth as in male; stigma sessile, indistinct
    Male
    Male with perianth 3–4-fid; stamens with filaments fused into a slender column; anthers 2–6, adnate to the apex of the column
    Female
    Female with perianth as in male; stigma sessile, indistinct
    Fruits
    Fruit oblong, ellipsoid or ± globular, with thick fleshy pericarp, dehiscent
    Seeds
    Seed with ± thin testa, laciniate aril and fatty ruminate endosperm; cotyledons free almost to the base, suberect.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Pycnanthus Warb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 13: 94 (1895 publ. 1896)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 157.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Kühn & Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 2: 464, fig. 99C (1993).
    • in Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 68: 130, 252 (1897).
    • in Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 1: 99 (1895)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kuhn & Kubitzki in Kubitzki et al., Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 2: 464, fig. 99C (1993)
    • G.F.P. 1: 150 (1964)
    • in Nova Acta Acad. Leop.-Carol. 68: 130, 252 (1897)
    • in Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 13, Generalvers.-Heft: 94 (1896)
    • in N.B.G.B. 1: 99 (1895)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0