1. Family: Primulaceae Batsch ex Borkh.
    1. Myrsine L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific, Southern America, Australasia, Northern America and Asia-Temperate.

    [FZ]

    Myrsinaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Stamens
    Stamens included in or exceeding corolla; filaments present, inserted at base of corolla, often on a glandular ring; anthers dehiscing by slits.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous, ovoid or ellipsoid; style well developed; stigma large, discoid, often with incised margins; placenta with few ovules in 1 row.
    Fruits
    Fruit a globose 1–seeded fleshy drupe with crustaceous endocarp.
    Seeds
    Seed subglobose, with ruminate endosperm.
    Habit
    Dioecious trees and shrubs with leaves very often serrate or crenate.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4–5–merous, borne in few–flowered axillary fascicles.
    Calyx
    Sepals free or shortly connate at the base, marked with resin–dots, the margins usually ciliate.
    Corolla
    Petals almost free or connate to the middle, marked with resin–dots, usually ciliate at the margin.
    [FZ]

    Myrsinaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Trees and shrubs, glabrous or pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves entire or very rarely dentate, often lepidote.
    Flowers
    Flowers borne in fascicles on very short lateral branches, 4–5(6–7)–merous, hermaphrodite or more usually unisexual, species often dioecious.
    Calyx
    Sepals free or shortly connate, often ciliate at the margin and marked with resin–dots or lines.
    Corolla
    Petals almost free or connate up to 4/5 their length, often papillose at the margin, often marked with dots or lines.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted in the throat of the corolla; filaments absent, the anthers sessile, dehiscing by slits.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose or ellipsoid; style short or absent; stigma variable in shape, elongated, scutate or capitate, often lobed or mor–chelliform; placenta with few ovules in 1 row.
    Fruits
    Fruit dry or fleshy, 1–seeded, with hard endocarp.
    Seeds
    Seed subglobose with a basal cavity at point of attachment, the endosperm ruminate (in F.Z. species) or smooth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Found In:

    Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Azores, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Chatham Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Kermadec Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Marquesas, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced Into:

    Great Britain

    Myrsine L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Identified Reference Herbarium Specimen Type Status
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 7450] K001127351
    Sequeira, V., Ecuador 58789.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 196 (1753)

    Literature

    • [1] Sp. Pl. 1: 196 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
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    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2017. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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