1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea grandiflora L.G.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama to Colombia.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1300 - 2000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Trepadora
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms scandent; 900-1800 cm long; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; smooth, or antrorsely scabrous. Culm-nodes with distinct supra-nodal ridge. Lateral branches dendroid; infravaginal. Branch complement many; in a clump; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous but leaving a persistent girdle; antrorsely scabrous. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; indistinctly demarcated from sheath; erect; 4-17 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long; truncate. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2-0.4 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 8-20 cm long; 7-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle open; oblong; 6-11 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading; 1-3 cm long. Panicle axis pubescent. Panicle branches angular; pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1-2 mm long; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 9.7-12.6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 9.7-12.6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 2-2.4 mm long; 0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface asperulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 2.2-4.8 mm long; 0.25-0.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Upper glume surface asperulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 5.2-6.7 mm long; chartaceous; 5-7 -veined; scaberulous; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret elliptic; 7-9.5 mm long; chartaceous; scabrous; setaceously attenuate. Fertile lemma ovate; 8.4-10.9 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous. Lemma apex setaceously attenuate. Palea 6.9-10.2 mm long; 6-8 -veined. Palea keels contiguous above a sulcus. Palea surface scabrous; pubescent; hairy on back.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 3-3.5 mm long; membranous. Anthers 3; 4.3-5.5 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Mesoamericana and western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clarke 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Panamá

    Chusquea grandiflora L.G.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1986 Croat, T.B. [13070], Panama K000433286 isotype

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 74: 424 (1987)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0