1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea latifolia L.G.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 950 - 2700 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Trepadora, liana
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms scandent; 2000-4000 cm long; 7-15 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 25-39 cm long; smooth, or scaberulous; distally glabrous, or pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid; infravaginal. Bud complement 3. Branch complement two, or three; in a clump; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous but leaving a persistent girdle; 15.2-16.5 cm long; 1.8-3 times as long as wide; antrorsely scabrous; glabrous, or pubescent. Culm-sheath ligule ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; deciduous; 1.1-3.5 cm long; pubescent and with ciliate margins; acuminate. Leaves 5-9 per branch. Leaf-sheaths keeled; glabrous on surface, or pubescent; outer margin glabrous. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-15 mm long; scarious; pubescent on abaxial surface; truncate, or obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.3-0.9 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 13.3-32.1 cm long; 30-85 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; serrulate. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; secund; 20.5-42.5 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; 3-9 cm long. Panicle axis glabrous. Panicle branches angular; glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; laterally compressed; 8.2-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; laterally compressed; 8.2-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-1.3 mm long; 0.2-0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 2.4-2.5 mm long; 0.25-0.33 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 3.2-4.2 mm long; chartaceous; 7-9 -veined; acuminate. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 4.4-6.5 mm long; chartaceous; acuminate. Fertile lemma ovate; 8-10.6 mm long; coriaceous; shiny; without keel; 9-11 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 9.3-9.6 mm long; 6-8 -veined. Palea keels contiguous above a sulcus. Palea apex acute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 2.5-2.7 mm long; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3; 4.5-5.2 mm long. Stigmas 2. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clark 1995.
    Diagnostic
    Central branch bud triangular.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia

    Chusquea latifolia L.G.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 72: 868 (1985)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0