1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea ligulata Munro

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; in a clump; thinner than stem. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-3 mm long; obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2-0.4 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 9.2-12 cm long; 8-13 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; without bracts, or bracteate at pedicel base; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle open; linear; 7-20.5 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; 5-7 cm long. Panicle axis angular; scabrous. Panicle branches angular; scabrous; glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels angular; 1-10 mm long; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 10-13.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 10-13.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 2.2-3.8 mm long; membranous; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Lower glume surface scabrous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 4-6.6 mm long; 0.33-0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3-7 -veined. Upper glume surface scabrous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 5.9-8.7 mm long; 0.75 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 5-7 -veined; scabrous; acute; mucronate. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 9.3-11.6 mm long; chartaceous; scabrous; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma ovate; 9-10.6 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea 7.6-10.2 mm long; 2-4 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 1.4-2.1 mm long; membranous; glabrous. Anthers 3; 5.7-6.1 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clark 1995.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2500 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Trepadora
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia

    Chusquea ligulata Munro appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1987 Lindig [1125], Colombia K000433277 lectotype
    Jan 1, 1987 Lindig [1125], Colombia K000433278 lectotype

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 62 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0