1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea maculata L.G.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to Venezuela.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms arching, or scandent; pendulous at the tip; 400-1200 cm long; 10-30 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; 17-23 cm long; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid; infravaginal. Bud complement 25-50. Bud prophyll 50-100 mm long. Branch complement many; in a clump; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; 18-47.5 cm long; distinctly mottled with last colour; antrorsely scabrous. Culm-sheath ligule 1 mm high. Culm-sheath blade linear; indistinctly demarcated from sheath; erect; 2.5-8.5 cm long; scabrid. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5 mm long; truncate. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.05-0.1 cm long. Leaf-blades linear; 10.4-19.5 cm long; 4-9 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; without bracts, or bracteate at branch bases, or bracteate at pedicel base. Panicle open; linear; 12-16 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; 1-3 cm long. Panicle axis angular; scabrous. Panicle branches angular; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels angular; 1-3 mm long; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-11.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-11.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1.6-2.4 mm long; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface smooth. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 4.2-5.4 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth. Upper glume apex acute; mucronate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 5.7-7.1 mm long; 0.5-0.66 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 5-7 -veined; smooth; acute; mucronate. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 8.5-10.1 mm long; chartaceous; smooth; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 9.8-10.2 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma surface smooth. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea 8.6-9 mm long; 8 -veined. Palea keels contiguous above a sulcus. Palea surface scabrous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 2-4.5 mm long; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3; 4.3-4.7 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America and western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clark 1995.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1200 - 2380 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Trepadora
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Venezuela

    Chusquea maculata L.G.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1989 Clark, L. [523], Venezuela K000433290 isotype

    First published in Syst. Bot. 15: 632 (1990)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0