1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea serpens L.G.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica to Venezuela and Ecuador.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 800 - 1570 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Trepadora, liana
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms scandent; 1000-2000 cm long; 5-10 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 20-39 cm long; mid-green, or mid-green and purple; concolorous, or mottled; retrorsely scabrous. Lateral branches dendroid; infravaginal. Bud complement 3. Branch complement three; in a clump; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous but leaving a persistent girdle; 6.7-11.3 cm long; 2.7-3 times as long as wide; chartaceous; glabrous, or hispid. Culm-sheath ligule ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; cordate; deciduous; 3-8.4 cm long; glabrous on surface and with ciliate margins. Leaves 3-7 per branch. Leaf-sheaths keeled; glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-2 mm long; scarious; truncate. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.3-1.2 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 11.7-35.8 cm long; 18-51 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins, or with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; serrulate. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; secund; 35-55 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; 5-9 cm long. Panicle axis glabrous. Panicle branches angular; glabrous, or puberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; laterally compressed; 11.3-14.6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; laterally compressed; 11.3-14.6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate, or ovate; 1.2-2.5 mm long; 0.33 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 3.5-7 mm long; 0.33-0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent, or distinct. Upper glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 3 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 5.4-8.6 mm long; chartaceous; (5-)7(-9) -veined; acute; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 3 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 7.7-9.9 mm long; chartaceous; acute; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret 1 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 10.6-13.2 mm long; coriaceous; shiny; without keel; 7-18 -veined. Lemma inner surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 0.5 mm long overall. Palea 10.1-11.5 mm long; 2-4 -veined. Palea keels contiguous above a sulcus. Palea surface pilose; hairy on margins; hairy above.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 2-2.5 mm long; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3; 5.5-7.5 mm long. Stigmas 2. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, and western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clark 1995.
    Diagnostic
    Central branch bud triangular.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panamá, Venezuela

    Chusquea serpens L.G.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1988 Pohl [11023], Costa Rica K000433242 isotype

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 72: 870 (1985)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0