1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea simpliciflora Munro

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico (Chiapas) to Ecuador and Venezuela.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary. Rhizomes elongated; pachymorph. Culms scandent; 1000-2500 cm long; 5-10 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; smooth, or antrorsely scabrous. Lateral branches dendroid; extravaginal. Branch complement many; in a clump; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths purple; glabrous; without auricles. Culm-sheath blade linear; 2 cm long. Leaves 3-5 per branch. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or puberulous; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.1 cm long. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 5.5-9 cm long; 8-14 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation comprising 6 vascular bundles (primary). Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent; sparsely hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes bearing few fertile spikelets; 2-4 fertile spikelets on each. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1-4.5 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 7.7-10.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 7.7-10.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.2 mm long; 0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.3-0.5 mm long; 0.05 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 4.6-5 mm long; chartaceous; 1-3 -veined; without lateral veins, or obscurely veined; glabrous, or puberulous; hairy at base; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 4.9-6.2 mm long; chartaceous; glabrous, or pubescent (at base); acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 8-9.7 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 5-10 mm long; 5 -veined. Palea keels approximate. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; veined; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana and western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Costaric 1994.
    Diagnostic
    Hair tufts under leaf base on both sides of midrib.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 810 - 810 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Liana
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Southeast, Nicaragua, Panamá, Venezuela

    Chusquea simpliciflora Munro appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1987 Hayes, S. [661], Panama K000433295 lectotype
    Jan 1, 1987 Hayes, S. [661], Panama K000433296 lectotype
    Jan 1, 1987 Seeman [4261], Panama K000433297 syntype
    Jan 1, 1987 Seeman [4261], Panama K000433298 syntype

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 54 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0