1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea tessellata Munro

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Venezuela to Ecuador. It is used as an ornamental plant.

    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 2800 - 4350 m.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    Habit
    Subshrub.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; 200-300 cm long; 5-10 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled, or solid; 6.5-8 cm long; yellow; smooth; distally mealy. Lateral branches dendroid; intravaginal. Bud complement 1-3. Branch complement several, or many; in a horizontal line; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; 5-8.5 cm long; glabrous. Culm-sheath ligule 1.5-4 mm high; ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; cordate; deciduous; erect; 5-11.5 cm long; acuminate. Leaves 4-10 per branch. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.8-2 mm long; scarious; glabrous on abaxial surface, or pubescent on abaxial surface; truncate. Collar with external ligule; glabrous. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.05-0.5 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 5.8-23 cm long; 6-26 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade venation with obscure cross veins, or with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; continuous, or interrupted; 6-30 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; 1-3 cm long. Panicle axis angular; pubescent. Panicle branches angular; pubescent. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels angular; 1-3 mm long; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3.9-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3.9-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.6-1.7 mm long; membranous; without keels; 0-1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Lower glume surface glabrous, or puberulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.9-2.9 mm long; 0.25-0.33 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent, or distinct. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1.4-4.6 mm long; 0.5-0.75 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 3-5 -veined; pubescent; hairy above; ciliolate on margins; fringed above; attenuate. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 2.2-5.9 mm long; chartaceous; pilose; ciliate on margins; attenuate. Fertile lemma ovate; 3-7.6 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy above. Lemma apex attenuate. Palea 2.1-6.8 mm long; 2-4 -veined. Palea surface pubescent; hairy on back and on margins.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3; 2.2-3.6 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America and western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clark 1995.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2800 - 4350 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Subarbusto, arbusto
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [UPB]
    Fibres
    Used for roofing (Galvis & Morales 2010). Entire plant - Used for basketry (Galvis & Morales 2010).
    Ornamentals
    Ornamental (Galvis & Morales 2010).
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela

    Chusquea tessellata Munro appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1987 Lechler [2154], Peru K000433300 lectotype
    Jan 1, 1987 Lechler [2640?], Peru K000433301 syntype
    Jan 1, 1987 Holton, I.F. [97], Colombia K000433303 lectotype

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 60 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Galvis-Rueda, M., Morales, M.E. (2010). Páramos de Boyacá, Flora representativa. (1st ed.). Tunja Corporación Autónoma Regional de Boyacá.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0