1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dichanthelium (Hitchc. & Chase) Gould
      1. Dichanthelium polyanthes (Schult.) Mohlenbr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. U.S.A.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; 30-90 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches sparse. Leaves heterophyllous with a basal winter rosette. Ligule absent. Leaf-blade base cordate. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 12-23 cm long; 15-25 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; ciliate; hairy at base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 8-25 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; 1.5-1.6 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; 1.5-1.6 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.25 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface puberulous. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; orbicular; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; puberulous. Fertile lemma orbicular; dorsally compressed; 1.5-1.6 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    North America: north-central USA, northeast USA, south-central USA, and southeast USA.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Man US Grass 2004.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode I., South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia

    Dichanthelium polyanthes (Schult.) Mohlenbr. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Erigenia 6: 26 (1985)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Panicum polyanthes.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0