1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Gutenbergia Sch.Bip.
      1. Gutenbergia cordifolia Benth. ex Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    A laxly spreading subshrub to c. 2.5 m. high, woody at the base.
    Stem
    Stems freely branched, leafy, appressed pubescent or tomentellous; indumentum of short-stalked long-armed T-shaped hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate; petiole to c. 17 mm. long in mature leaves; lamina up to c. 11 x 5 cm., smaller on the branches, mostly c. 3 x 1 cm., elliptic to ovate, subacute, cuneate below, margins subentire to serrulate; upper surface green drying olive-green, finely pilose-pubescent with long-stalked T-shaped hairs, the lower surface silvery-white felted with short-stalked matted T-shaped hairs.
    Capitulum
    Capitula numerous, usually laxly clustered; stalks mostly 1–15 mm. long, appressed tomentellous, bracteate with a few small leaf-like bracts.
    Involucre
    Involucres 5–7 x 5–10 mm., broadly campanulate-cyathiform.
    Phyllaries
    Phyllaries many, shortly pungent or bristle-tipped, appressed-pubescent to glabrescent, margins broadly scarious glabrous ± hyaline or purple-tinged, or margins not very pronounced; the outer phyllaries from c. 2 mm. long, lanceolate-attenuate or ovate-apiculate; the inner to c. 9 x 2 mm., oblong-lanceolate.
    Corolla
    Corollas purple, 5–7 mm. long, narrowly funnel-shaped, lobes acicular-setose near the apex, usually glabrous below.
    Fruits
    Achenes (1)1.3–1.8 mm. long, obovoid-turbinate, with 4–5 swollen-ribs, rugulose and sparsely setose between the ribs; pappus of few very caducous barbellate setae 1–2 mm. long.
    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial herb 30-200 cm tall; stems erect, branching, appressed-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or often especially the lower subopposite or opposite, obovate-elliptic or (narrowly) ovate, 1.5-15 cm long, 0.5-6 cm wide, the lower cuneate or attenuate into a petioloid base, the upper subsessile, cuneate to rounded or cordate and semiamplexicaul at the base, all subentire, obtuse to shortly apiculate or sometimes acuminate, green and shortly pubescent above, grey-green or silvery with whitish pubescence beneath.
    Capitulum
    Capitula in terminal and upper axillary corymbiform cymes; stalks of individual capitula densely appressed-pubescent; involucre hemispherical, campanulate or shortly cylindrical, 2.5-7 mm in diameter at flowering time; phyllaries 3-5-seriate, pallid green and glabrous in lower part, darker green centrally and almost glabrous to pubescent with white or brownish hairs and often glandular in upper part, often purplish in upper part below the apex and on the margins, narrowly to broadly ovate, 4-8.5 mm long, obtuse to acute and shortly apiculate or pungent, with rather prominent pale hyaline finely pectinate or pectinate-fimbriate membranous margins.
    Flowers
    Corolla purple, mauve or rarely whitish, 4.2-8 mm long, lobes 1.3-3.5 mm long, shortly stiffly hairy at the apex and sometimes also with some appressed T-shaped hairs, often glandular.
    Fruits
    Achenes broadly obovoid-cylindrical, 1-1.5 mm long, obtusely and sometimes broadly (4-)5(-6)-ribbed, smooth or sometimes slightly rugulose and shortly ascending-hairy or almost glabrous and glandular between the ribs; pappus of few barbellate bristles 0.5-2.5 mm long, caducous.
    Figures
    Fig. 30/5 (achene), p.127.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Gutenbergia cordifolia Benth. ex Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Gereau, R.E. [6511], Kenya K000614988
    Jan 1, 2009 Mwangoka, M.A. [4122], Tanzania K000614922
    Jan 1, 2009 Festo, L. [1115], Tanzania K000614983
    Jan 1, 2009 Metele, P. [161], Tanzania K000614972
    Jan 1, 2009 Simon, G. [1200], Tanzania K000614982
    Jan 1, 2009 Simon, G. [1048], Tanzania K000614986
    Jan 1, 2009 Mlangwa, J.A. [994], Tanzania K000614976
    Jan 1, 2009 Mlangwa, J.A. [255], Tanzania K000614987
    Jan 1, 2009 Mkeya, A.S. [788], Tanzania K000614974
    Jan 1, 1997 Scott Elliot, G.F. [6473], Kenya K000272756 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1997 Holst, C. [9158], Tanzania K000272757 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 1997 Speke, J.H. [s.n.], Uganda K000272755 Unknown type material

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 29: 89 (1873)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 199, t. 80 (1994).
    • G.V. Pope in Flora Zambesiaca 6: 155, t. 24f (1992).
    • Lisowski in Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 37: 295, fig. 5 (1992).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 43: 251 (1988).
    • Oliv. & Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 265 (1877).
    • Oliv. in Trans. Linn. Soc., London 29: 89, t. 55 (1873).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0