1. Family: Ochnaceae DC.
    1. Ochna L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [FTEA]

    Ochnaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D.. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or pyrophytic shrublets, usually glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, usually with serrate or ciliate margins, less often entire; stipules entire to deeply bifid or fimbriate, usually not striate nor persistent Young leaves often reddish
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences paniculate, umbellate or racemiform, sometimes reduced to a solitary flower, terminal or terminating short axillary shoots; usually scented; inflorescence buds usually very noticeable, fusiform, ovoid or subglobose with numerous distichous imbricate bracts leaving a series of annular scars which are usually very obvious; pedicels articulated at or above the base; torus usually thickening and becoming red in fruit
    Calyx
    Sepals (3–)5, quincuncially imbricate, becoming red and coriaceous in fruit
    Corolla
    Petals 5(–12), absent in one species, mostly yellow, usually unguiculate
    Stamens
    Stamens (14–)20–numerous in 2 or more whorls, free; filaments slender, longer or shorter than the anthers, persistent; anthers yellow, dehiscing by longitudinal slits or terminal pores, usually soon deciduous
    Carpels
    Carpels (3–)5–15, free, 1-ovulate; styles slender, gynobasic, united or sometimes free at apex with somewhat enlarged stigmas
    Fruits
    Fruit with 1–several free black drupelets with fleshy mesocarp
    Seeds
    Seeds straight, ± curved or reniform, without endosperm; embryo straight or curved.
    [FZ]

    Ochnaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or shrublets, usually completely glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; lamina with margin serrate to ciliate or rarely entire; stipules entire or with ciliate or fimbriate margins or ± deeply bifid, not striate, free, deciduous or caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence paniculate to racemose or umbellate or reduced to a single flower, terminal or terminating short axillary shoots; bracts scale-like, caducous; pedicels articulated at or above the base.
    Calyx
    Sepals (4) 5, quincuncial in bud, green or yellow in flower, persistent, enlarging and becoming varying shades of red and coriaceous in fruit.
    Corolla
    Petals 5 (rarely up to 12), yellow or rarely orange or white, often unguiculate, deciduous.
    Stamens
    Stamens (14) 20-?, free; anthers yellow, dehiscing by longitudinal slits or terminal pores, deciduous; filaments ± slender, longer or shorter than the anthers, persistent.
    Carpels
    Carpels (3) 5–15, apparently free at the base, 1 -ovulate; styles slender, gynobasic, united except sometimes towards the apex; stigmas terminal, enlarged.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1 to several free black 1-seeded drupelets with fleshy mesocarp, inserted on the enlarged red receptacle.
    Seeds
    Seeds straight or ± curved or reniform, cylindric or somewhat flattened but not angular, without endosperm or an internal projection of the endocarp; embryo straight or curved, incumbent or accumbent, isocotylous or heterocotylous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Florida, Hawaii, Norfolk Is., Seychelles, Trinidad-Tobago

    Ochna L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gillespie [141], Kenya 35258.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 513 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 316.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Schreb. in L., Gen. Pl. ed. 8, 1: 354 (1789).
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 229 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 513 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 229 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 513 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0