Skip to main content

This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Medit. to W. Iran.

[FTEA]

Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Habit
Annual herb.
Stem
Stems erect, furrowed, (20–)40–150 cm. high, branched in upper parts, basally densely hispid, upwards with more scattered hairs.
Leaves
Leaves densely to moderately hairy on both surfaces; lower and median leaves petiolate, lyrate-pinnate, 4–13 cm. long; terminal lobe large, ovate to acutely ovate (outside E. Africa also reniform), truncate to cordate (rarely cuneate); lateral lobes much smaller (sometimes reduced), in 1–2 pairs, elliptic, usually 0.5–2 cm. long; upper leaves sessile or shortly petiolate, simple, acutely ovate to rhombic; margins serrate to biserrate.
Inflorescences
Racemes with numerous small white flowers, in fruit lax, usually with several side branches, sparsely hairy or glabrous, up to 40 cm. long; pedicels ascending to erect, 4–9 mm. long.
Calyx
Sepals green with narrow margins, elliptic, 1.5–3 mm. long.
Corolla
Petals white, spathulate to almost clawed, with limb expanded, 2.5–5.8 mm. long, and ± half as broad.
Stamens
Stamens 2–3 mm. long; anthers 0.7–0.8 mm.; filaments linear, median ones denticulate.
Ovary
Upper segment of ovary ellipsoid, broader than and 3–4 times as long as the lower.
Fruits
Nutlet spherical, smooth, 2.2–5 mm. in diameter, with a smooth yellow-brown seed; lower fruit segment and gynophore indistinctly demarcated, together 0.7–1.5 mm. long.
Habitat
Grassland, open ground, lava-fields, various kinds of disturbed ground, sometimes a weed of cultivation; 1200–2600 m.
Distribution
Mediterranean area and the Middle East eastwards to Iranin tropical Africa from Eritrea southwards to Tanzania, Rwanda and easternmost Zaire K1 K3 K4 K6 T2 U2 U4

Native to:

Albania, Cyprus, Greece, Iran, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey, Yugoslavia

Extinct in:

Italy, Sardegna, Sicilia

Introduced into:

Central European Rus, KwaZulu-Natal

Crambe hispanica L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1975 Schimper [1918], Ethiopia K000230258
Jan 1, 1975 Schimper, W. [513], Ethiopia K000230257 Unknown type material

First published in Sp. Pl.: 671 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Hand, R. (ed.) (2015). Supplementary notes to the flora of Cyprus VIII Willdenowia 45: 245-259.
  • Özhatay, F.N., Kültür, S. & Gürdal, M.B. (2011). Check-list of additional taxa to the supplement Flora of Turkey V Turkish Journal of Botany 35: 589-624.
  • Yildiztugay, E., Küçüködük, Özel, M. & Özdemir, C. (2009). A new record for the flora of Turkey: Crambe hispanica L. (Brassicaceae) Turkish Journal of Botany 33: 227-230.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Jalas, J., Suominen, J. & Lampinen, R. (eds.) (1996). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 11: 1-310.
  • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.
  • Hedge, J. & Rechinger, K.H. (1968). Flora Iranica 57: 1-372. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Yildiztugay, E., Küçüködük, Özel, M. & Özdemir, C. (2009). A new record for the flora of Turkey: Crambe hispanica L. (Brassicaceae) Turkish Journal of Botany 33: 227-230.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Jalas, J., Suominen, J. & Lampinen, R. (eds.) (1996). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 11: 1-310.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Jonsell in Bot. Notis. 129: 126 (1976).
  • Agnew & Stewart in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 95 (1974).
  • De Wild., Pl. Bequaert. 1: 146 (1921).
  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 261 (1915), pro parte.
  • Th. Dur. & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 1 (2): 149 (1898).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 138 (1895), pro parte.
  • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 71 (1868).
  • Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 1: 269 (1867).
  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 24 (1847).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 671 (1753).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/