Skip to main content
  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa ciliatissima (Buckley) R.D.Webster

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Mexico to Arkansas and NE. Mexico.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Stolons present. Culms erect; 15-40 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Leaf-sheaths hirsute. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 3-8 cm long; 2-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; ciliate; hairy at base. Leaf-blade apex acute, or acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-4; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-2 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 3-7 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular. Spikelet packing adaxial; irregular. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 3.5-4.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 3.5-4.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume margins villous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; pubescent; villous on margins; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Fruits
    Embryo 0.75 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    North America: north-central USA, south-central USA, and southeast USA.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gould.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Arkansas, Mexico Northeast, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa ciliatissima (Buckley) R.D.Webster appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Buckley, S.B. [s.n.], Texas Brachiaria ciliatissima K000958869

    Bibliography

    First published in Syst. Bot. 13: 606 (1988)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria ciliatissima.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0