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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa plantaginea (Link) R.D.Webster

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Caribbean to S. Tropical America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1500 - 2000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms decumbent; 40-100 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 1 mm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 4-21 cm long; 6-13 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-8; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 2-11 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 10-20 cm long. Rhachis broadly winged; with sharp-edged midrib; 1-2 mm wide; scabrous on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; 0.5 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 4-5.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 4-5.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.25-0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 3.5-5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface granulose; unwrinkled, or rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate; without keels. Palea surface granular, or rugose.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical and west-central tropical. Pacific: south-central and north-central. North America: northeast USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FWTA.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Annual, rooting at the lower nodes
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades thin, broadly linear.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Haiti, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Arkansas, Burkina, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Congo, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Florida, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Hawaii, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Line Is., Louisiana, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, New Jersey, Nicaragua, Panamá, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa plantaginea (Link) R.D.Webster appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 1998 Nascimento, M.S.B. [1419], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078374
    Sep 25, 1995 Nascimento, M.S.B. [649], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078371
    Jan 1, 1984 Davidse, G. [10997], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078373
    Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [9570], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078410
    Dec 1, 1961 Maitland, T.D. [26], Cameroon Brachiaria plantaginea K000182461
    Dec 1, 1961 Maitland, T.D. [26], Cameroon Brachiaria plantaginea K000182462
    Maitland, T.D. [860], Cameroon Brachiaria plantaginea K000182460
    Ridley, H.N. [145], Fernando de Noronha Brachiaria plantaginea K000003878
    Clayton, W.D. [4590], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078397
    Clayton, W.D. [4517], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078398
    Clayton, W.D. [4346], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078403
    Clayton, W.D. [4794], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078404
    Clayton, W.D. [4149], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078405
    Clayton, W.D. [4095], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078406
    Irwin, H.S. [2322], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078408
    Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia Brachiaria plantaginea K000003874 isotype
    Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia Brachiaria plantaginea K000003875 isotype
    Eiten, G. [6034], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078399
    Eiten, G. [10388], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078401
    Swainson [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078395
    Davidse, G. [10481], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078372
    Riedel, L. [1950], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078409
    Duarte, A.P. [5045], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078400
    Gardner, G. [3499], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078392
    Commerson, P. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078390
    Hoehne, W. [11763], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078402
    Jonsson, G. [93a], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078389
    Reineck, E.M. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078393
    Reineck, E.M. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078394
    Imaguire, N. [64], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078388
    Rosengurtt, B. [9546], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078407
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [9345], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078391
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [3609], Brazil Brachiaria plantaginea K001078396

    Bibliography

    First published in Syst. Bot. 13: 607 (1988)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria plantaginea.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Verloove, F. (2013). New xenophytes from Gran Canaria (Canary islands, Spain), with emphasis on naturalised and (potentially) invasive species Collectanea Botanica 32: 59-82.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0