According to Kew Species Profiles[KSP]
Kew Species Profiles
- General Description
Justicia brandegeeana is commonly known as shrimp plant because of the colour and shrimp-like appearance of its inflorescence.
There are around 600 species of Justicia distributed across the tropics and into the warmer parts of North America. Many are grown as ornamentals in tropical and subtropical gardens and as conservatory plants in temperate areas. The genus was named for James Justice (1698-1763), a passionate, though somewhat eccentric, Scottish horticulturist and writer.
- Species Profile
Geography and distribution
Justicia brandegeeana is native to Mexico. It has naturalised in parts of Ecuador and Florida, USA. It is widely cultivated elsewhere.Description
The shrimp plant is an evergreen shrubby perennial, reaching 1.5 m tall and wide with weak branching stems. The soft green leaves are ovate-elliptic (egg-shaped), usually 5–8 cm long and downy on the underside. Reddish-pink overlapping bracts (modified leaves) enclosing small white flowers are produced throughout the year. The five petals are united into a white two-lipped corolla-tube with mauve markings on the lower lip. The two stamens have dark mauve anthers. Cultivated forms may have bright yellow or lime green bracts.
Pollination is usually by hummingbirds.Uses
The Huastec people of Mexico used Justicia brandegeeana as a traditional medicine for treating a variety of ailments, including dysentery and other gastrointestinal disorders and treating wounds. Today, J. brandegeeana is widely cultivated as an ornamental throughout the tropics and subtropics and as a greenhouse plant in cooler climates. It has received an Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society.Cultivation
Shrimp plants thrive in containers and survive well as houseplants with a long flowering season. They can live for many years but need to be pinched back continually to avoid the plant becoming too tall and leggy. Propagation is by stem cuttings in spring or by division.This species at Kew
Shrimp plant can be found in the Palm House.
Pressed and dried specimens of Justicia brandegeeana are held in Kew’s Herbarium, where they are available to researchers from around the world by appointment. The details of some of these can be seen online in the Herbarium Catalogue.
- Semi-arid environments.
- Not evaluated according to IUCN Red List criteria.
According to Flora Zambesiaca[FZ]
Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa
- Perennial or shrubby herb to 1 m; cystoliths present.
- Leaves ovate, apex acute, base cuneate.
- Flowers in subsessile or shortly pedunculate racemoid cymes from upper axils; bracts imbricate, to 2 cm long, red to purple or green, ovate, puberulous and ciliate; bracteoles similar to bracts.
- Calyx deeply divided into 5 lanceolate acute puberulous lobes to 5 mm long.
- Corolla white with reddish purple stripes on lower lip or whole lower lip red, to 3 cm long (along upper lip), with a hooded 2-lobed upper lip and spreading 3-lobed lower lip.
- Stamens 2, held under upper lip; anthers bithecous, thecae at different height, both with flat white basal appendage.
- Native of tropical America. Widely cultivated in all tropical and subtropical regions and as a pot plant in temperate regions.
- Shrimp Plant.
Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast
Benin, Bolivia, Brazil South, Cook Is., Dominican Republic, Gambia, Haiti, Puerto Rico, Venezuelan Antilles
- Shrimp plant
Justicia brandegeeana Wassh. & L.B.Sm. appears in other Kew resources:
First published in Fl. Ilustr. Catar. 1(Acantac.): 102 (1969)
-  Sykes, W.R. (2016) Flora of the Cook Islands . National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii
-  (2012) Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192
-  Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008) Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela . Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela
-  Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008) Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas . SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras
-  Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006) Flore Analytique du Bénin . Backhuys Publishers
-  Smith, A.C. (1991) Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 1-626. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai
-  (2015) Pesquisas: Botanica 68: 7-82
-  —Darbyshire et al. in F.T.E.A., Acanthaceae 2: 731 (2010).
-  The Plant List (2010). Justicia brandegeeana.
-  GBIF (2008-continuously updated) Global Biodiversity Information Facility . http://www.gbif.org/
-  Mabberley, D. J. (2008). Mabberley’s Plant-book: a Portable Dictionary of Plants, their Classification and Uses. 3rd edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
-  —Maroyi in Kirkia 18: 193 (2006).
-  Brummitt, R. K. & Powell, C. E. (1996). Authors of Plant Names. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
-  Huxley, A., Griffiths, M. & Levy, M. (eds) (1992). The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening. Vol. 2. Macmillan Press, London.
-  Jones, M. (1991) A checklist of Gambian plants . Michael Jones, The Gambia College
-  Brummitt, R. K. & Taylor, N. P. (1990). To correct or not to correct? Taxon 39: 298-306.
-  Graham, V. A. W. (1988). Delimitation and infra-generic classification of Justicia (Acanthaceae). Kew Bulletin 43: 551-624.
-  Alcorn, J. B. (1984). Huastec Mayan Ethnobotany. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.
-  Sousa Sánchez, M. (1969). Las colecciones botánicas de C. A. Purpus en México, período 1898-1925. University of California Publications in Botany 51: 1-36.
Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (2017). Published on the internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp
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Kew Species Profiles
Kew Species Profiles