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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:2. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Monopodial, epiphytic herbs with long woody stems.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, fleshy, twisted at the base to lie in one plane.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences short; flowers resupinate, white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals and petals free, similar, spreading, the petals slightly shorter than the sepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 3-lobed, spurred, the spur inflated at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column short and stout with a small foot. Rostellum prominent; anther apiculate; pollinia 2, globose, joined to a long linear caudicle; viscidium 1, large, triangular, grooved at base to clasp the rostellum.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Epiphytic, entirely glabrous monopodial herbs
Morphology Stem
Stems elongated, pendulous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves fleshy, unequally bilobed at apex, alternate, twisted at base to lie in a parallel plane
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences abbreviated, lax or dense axillary racemes hidden beneath the leaves; bracts conspicuous or inconspicuous, scarious
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers resupinate, medium-sized
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals free, similar, apiculate, spreading, the petals slightly shorter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 3-lobed, with a curved or geniculate spur which is inflated at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column short, with a small foot; rostellum prominent; anther apiculate; pollinia 2, globose, united to a long linear caudicle; viscidium solitary, large, triangular, grooved at the base to clasp rostellum.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Brazil Northeast

Calyptrochilum Kraenzl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Holmes [020 or 0143] 77369.000

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 22: 30 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2014). Genera Orchidacearum 6: 1-544. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 22: 30 (1895).

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 22: 30 (1895).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • in E.J. 22: 30 (1895)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0