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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, S. Arabian Peninsula, Tropical & Subtropical Asia.
Diplocyclos palmatus

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climber to 6 m.; rootstock fleshy; young stems herbaceous, glabrous, becoming thickened and white-dotted on the ridges when older.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade broadly ovate-cordate in outline, glabrous except for a few forward-pointing aculei on the nerves beneath, gland-dotted just above the base, 38–140 mm. long, 40–148 mm. broad, palmately (3–)5(–7)-lobed; lobes linear-lanceolate to long-elliptic, usually distinctly narrowed below, entire or especially in the upper parts sinuate or subserrate with apiculate teeth, acuminate, obtuse to acute and apiculate; petiole 18–80 mm. long, armed with a few forward-curving fairly stout aculeate hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Probracts spathulate, hooded, ± 3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers 2–8 in sessile clusters, intermixed with 0–4 ♀ flowers; pedicels 7–15 mm. long; receptacle-tube 2.5–4 mm. long; lobes subulate or filiform, 0.5–1.3 mm. long; corolla white, cream or pale or greenish yellow, with lobes 6–9 mm. long, 2.5–5 mm. broad, united below. Female flowers 1–5, mixed with 0–8 ♂ flowers; pedicels 1–5 mm. long; ovary ellipsoid, 4.5–5 mm. long, 2.5–3.5 mm. across, deep green with longitudinal rows of white markings; receptacle-tube 1.5–2.5 mm. long, flared above; lobes subulate, 1 mm. long; corolla-lobes ± 5 mm. long and 3 mm. broad, united below.
sex Male
Male flowers 2–8 in sessile clusters, intermixed with 0–4 ♀ flowers; pedicels 7–15 mm. long; receptacle-tube 2.5–4 mm. long; lobes subulate or filiform, 0.5–1.3 mm. long; corolla white, cream or pale or greenish yellow, with lobes 6–9 mm. long, 2.5–5 mm. broad, united below.
sex Female
Female flowers 1–5, mixed with 0–8 ♂ flowers; pedicels 1–5 mm. long; ovary ellipsoid, 4.5–5 mm. long, 2.5–3.5 mm. across, deep green with longitudinal rows of white markings; receptacle-tube 1.5–2.5 mm. long, flared above; lobes subulate, 1 mm. long; corolla-lobes ± 5 mm. long and 3 mm. broad, united below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits solitary or in clusters of 2–5 on 1–5 mm. long stalks, bright scarlet with silver-white longitudinal stripes or lines of mottlings, subglobose or (but not in Africa) ovoid-ellipsoid, 16–22 mm. long, 14–24 mm. across.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 5 × 2.5–2.8 × 4 mm.
Habitat
Rain- and swamp or other ground-water forest, flood-plain, valley and seasonal swamp grasslands; 0–1830 m.
Distribution
K1 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 U2 U3 U4 eastern and central tropical Africa from Mozambique northwards to the Sudan and Congo Republics, also on S. Tomé and Fernando Potropical Asia, Malesia including the Philippine Is., tropical Australasia

[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Stems scandent to 6 m., glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 4–14 × 4–15 cm., broadly ovate in outline, cordate, asperulous or ± scabrid-punctate above, setulose on veins beneath, otherwise glabrous, deeply palmately 5-lobed, lobes elliptic or narrowly elliptic, ± sinuate-serrate, denticulate, acuminate, obtuse to acute, apiculate, the central largest.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 2–8 cm. long, coarsely spiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Probract
Probracts c. 3 mm. long, spathulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
male flowers 2–8, usually co-axillary with 1–4 female flowers; pedicels 5–15 mm. long. Receptacle-tube c. 4 mm. long, lobes up to 2 mm. long, triangular-dentiform. Corolla white to greenish-yellow, the lobes 6–9 × 2·5–5 mm.. Female flowers 1–5, usually co-axillary with up to 8 male flowers; pedicel 1–5 mm. long; ovary 4–5 × 2–3·5 mm. shortly ellipsoid.
sex Male
male flowers 2–8, usually co-axillary with 1–4 female flowers; pedicels 5–15 mm. long. Receptacle-tube c. 4 mm. long, lobes up to 2 mm. long, triangular-dentiform. Corolla white to greenish-yellow, the lobes 6–9 × 2·5–5 mm..
sex Female
Female flowers 1–5, usually co-axillary with up to 8 male flowers; pedicel 1–5 mm. long; ovary 4–5 × 2–3·5 mm. shortly ellipsoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 1·5–2·5 × 1·5–2·5 cm., solitary or in clusters of 2–5, subglobose, bright red with silvery white longitudinal stripes or markings; fruit-stalks 1–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 5–6 × 2·5–3 × 4–4·5 mm.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Diplocyclos palmatus (L.) C.Jeffrey appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 2, 2008 Reynoso et al. [PPI 11868], Philippines K000517514
Jul 2, 2008 Nakano [17], Indonesia K000517510
Jul 2, 2008 de Vogel [6913], Indonesia K000517511
Jul 2, 2008 Kessler et al. [PK 2944], Indonesia K000517515
Jul 2, 2008 Larsen [44818], Thailand K000517512
Jul 2, 2008 Larsen [44390], Thailand K000517513
Sep 18, 1998 Liang, H.Y. [62247], China K000037309
Verdcourt, B. [3456], Tanzania 25950.000
Gillespie, J.B. [239], Kenya 26809.000
Hunt, P.F. [2922], Solomon Is. 30653.000
Evans, O., Norfolk Island 32383.000
Dawkins, H.C. [626], Uganda 3252.000
Bally, P.R.O. 3253.000
Evans, B., Norfolk Island 48444.000
Verdcourt, B. [1814], Kenya 4979.000
Drummond, R.B. [2737], Tanzania 4980.000
Hollrung, M. [170A], New Guinea 801.000
802.000
8065.000
Ramos, M. [27552], Philippines K000742789
Hollrung, M. [170], New Guinea K000742788
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6711], India Bryonia palmata K001124644
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6711], Myanmar Bryonia palmata K001124646
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6711], Bangladesh Bryonia palmata K001124645
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6711] Bryonia palmata K001124643
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6711] Bryonia palmata K001124642

First published in Kew Bull. 15: 352 (1962)

Accepted by

  • (1982). Flora of Australia 8: 1-420. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2003). Flora of Oman 1: 1-262. National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.
  • Kar, S.K. & al. (2016 publ. 2017). Additions to the flora of Chilika lake and its immediate neighbourhood Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 40: 134-150.
  • Keraudren-Aymonin, M. (1975). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Cucurbitaceae: 1-152. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Nazimuddin, S. & Naqvi, S.S.H. (1984). Flora of Pakistan 154: 1-56. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Rebnner, S.S. & Pandey, A.K. (2013). The Cucurbitaceae of India: Accepted names, synonyms, geographic distribution, and information on images and DNA sequences PhytoKeys 20: 53-118.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (1982). Flora of Australia 8: 1-420. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2003). Flora of Oman 1: 1-262. National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Kar, S.K. & al. (2016 publ. 2017). Additions to the flora of Chilika lake and its immediate neighbourhood Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 40: 134-150.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Rebnner, S.S. & Pandey, A.K. (2013). The Cucurbitaceae of India: Accepted names, synonyms, geographic distribution, and information on images and DNA sequences PhytoKeys 20: 53-118.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • de Wilde, W.J.J.O. & Duyfjes, B.B.E. (2010). Flora Malesiana 19: 1-342. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 15: 352 (1962).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/