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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to W. Pacific.
Geodorum

[E-EM]
Distribution

Geodorum consists of five species, widespread in southern and southeastern Asia from India and southern China south to the Malay Archipelago, New Guinea, the Philippines, northeastern Australia, and southwestern Pacific islands. (PC).

Ecology

Species occur in dry woodland, forests, scrub, and in rocky places from sea level to 1600 m. (PC).

General Description

Terrestrial herbs. Roots basal. Pseudobulb almost spherical, homoblastic, few-leaved. Leaves pleated, lanceolate, ovate or elliptic, acute to acuminate, sheathing at base, the sheaths forming a false stem. Infl orescence lateral, simple, recurved apically, peduncle bearing several well-separated sheaths, rachis strongly recurved; bracts persistent. Flowers not opening widely, resupinate, white, pink or yellow, marked with purple venation on the labellum. Dorsal sepal free, oblong-elliptic to lanceolate, refl exed or erect; lateral sepals oblique at base, otherwise similar to dorsal sepal. Petals free, similar to sepals but often shorter and broader, porrect. Labellum free to base, entire, concave-cucullate or obscurely trilobed, lacking a spur, callose in apical half or rarely at base; callus two- or three-ridged. Column usually with a foot; pollinia two, subglobose, cleft; stipe solitary, obovate; viscidium circular to semi-elliptic. Ovary cylindrical, grooved. (PC).

[E-EM]
Use

Tubers of Geodorum have been eaten by Aboriginal people in Queensland, Australia. (AP).

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Fiji, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niue, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia

Geodorum Andrews appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Kerr, A.D., Laos 32375.000
Kerr, A.D. [1068], Laos 7641.000

First published in Bot. Repos. 10: t. 626 (1811)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2009). Epidendroideae (Part two) Genera Orchidacearum 5: 1-585. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Literature

Eulophiinae: e-monocot.org

  • Jackson, G. Original description of Geodorum. 10, (1802).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Eulophiinae: e-monocot.org
All Rights Reserved

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0