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  1. Family: Thymelaeaceae Juss.
    1. Craterosiphon Engl. & Gilg

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Thymelaeaceae, B. Peterson (University of Göteborg). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

    Habit
    Lianes, climbing shrubs or small trees with twining branches; twigs with conspicuous lenticels, glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, subopposite or rarely alternate, petiolate; blade elliptical to ovate, acuminate, chartaceous to coriaceous; lateral nerves spreading almost at right angles
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous, subsessile or pedicelled, solitary or 2–4, with small, sometimes ciliate, bracts
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube funnel-shaped, glabrous outside, glabrous or hairy inside, somewhat fleshy, persistent; lobes 5, equal to the tube or much shorter
    Corolla
    Petals absent or 10 minute glands inserted on the throat of the tube
    Stamens
    Stamens 10 in two whorls, inserted in the throat of the tube
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile or subsessile, 1-locular, glabrous or slightly pubescent or pilose at the top; disc cup-shaped or lobed, membranous; style terminal or sublateral; stigma capitate, finely papillose
    Fruits
    Fruit a drupe with sclerified pericarp, included in the persistent calyx-tube Grain oblong, fusiform.
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Habit
    Lianes, climbing shrubs or small trees with twining branches; twigs with conspicuous lenticels, glabrous Lianes, climbing shrubs or small trees with twining branches; twigs with conspicuous lenticels, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, subopposite or rarely alternate, petiolate; blade elliptic to ovate, acuminate, chartaceous to coriaceous; lateral nerves spreading almost at right angles Leaves opposite, subopposite or rarely alternate, petiolate; blade elliptic to ovate, acuminate, chartaceous to coriaceous; lateral nerves spreading almost at right angles.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary Inflorescences axillary.
    Corolla
    Petals absent or 10 minute glands inserted at the throat of the tube Petals absent or 10 minute glands inserted at the throat of the tube.
    Ovary
    Ovary sessile or subsessile, 1-locular, glabrous or slightly pubescent or pilose at the top; disk cup-shaped or lobed, membranous; style terminal or sublateral; stigma capitate or subcapitate, finely papillose, sometimes exserted
    Distribution
    About 9 species, all tropical African, mainly in the rain forest regions of central and west Africa.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous, subsessile or shortly pedicellate, solitary or 2–4, with small, sometimes ciliate, bracts. Flowers 5-merous, subsessile or shortly pedicellate, solitary or 2–4, with small, sometimes ciliate, bracts
    Calyx
    Calyx tube funnel-shaped, glabrous outside, glabrous or hairy inside, somewhat fleshy, not articulated, persistent; lobes 5, equal to the tube or much shorter. Calyx tube funnel-shaped, glabrous outside, glabrous or hairy inside, somewhat fleshy, not articulated, persistent; lobes 5, equal to the tube or much shorter
    Stamens
    Stamens 10 in 2 whorls, or practically in 1 series, attached at the middle of the tube and included or attached in the throat of the tube and exserted; filaments of those opposite the sepals usually longer. Stamens 10 in 2 whorls, or practically in 1 series, attached at the middle of the tube and included or attached in the throat of the tube and exserted; filaments of those opposite the sepals usually longer
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile or subsessile, 1-locular, glabrous or slightly pubescent or pilose at the top; disk cup-shaped or lobed, membranous; style terminal or sublateral; stigma capitate or subcapitate, finely papillose, sometimes exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit a drupe with a sclerified pericarp, included in the persistent calyx tube. Fruit a drupe with a sclerified pericarp, included in the persistent calyx tube
    Seeds
    Seed oblong, fusiform. Seed oblong, fusiform.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Central African Repu

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Sudan, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Accepted Species

    Other Data

    Craterosiphon Engl. & Gilg appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19: 27 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 248.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • F.T.E.A., Thymelaeaceae: 8 (1978).
    • Peterson in F.T.E.A., Thymelaeaceae: 8 (1978).
    • Fl. Afr. Centr., Thymelaeaceae: 20 (1975).
    • A. Robyns in Fl. Afr. Centr., Thymelaeaceae: 20 (1975).
    • Fl. Cameroun 5: 35 (1966).
    • Fl. Gabon 11: 54 (1966)
    • Aymonin in Fl. Gabon 11: 54 (1966)
    • in Fl. Cameroun 5: 35 (1966).
    • Biblioth. Bot. 27, heft 111: 122 (1934).
    • Domke in Biblioth. Bot. 27, heft 111: 122 (1934).
    • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19: 275 (1894)
    • in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19: 275 (1894)
    • in Engler & Prantl., Nat. Pflanzenfam. III, 6a: 233 (1894).
    • Engler & Prantl., Nat. Pflanzenfam. III, 6a: 233 (1894).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Aymonin in Fl. Gabon 11:54 (1966)
    • in Fl. Cameroun 5:35 (1966)
    • Domke in Bibl. Bot. 27(111): 122 (1934)
    • in E. & P. Pf. III. 6A: 233 (1894)
    • in E.J. 19: 275 (1894)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0