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This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to KwaZulu-Natal.

[EDGE]

Forest, F. et al. 2018. Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24365-4.

Conservation
Encephalartos ferox is rated as Near Threatened (NT) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -5.83, which places it in position 667 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. It has a Evolutionary Distinctiveness of 58.68, ranked 1035. More information on the EDGE Gymnosperm project here https://www.edgeofexistence.org.

[FZ]

Cycadaceae, John Lewis. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Short-stemmed or with a trunk up to 1–3 m. tall.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves about 1 x 0–25 m.; median leaflets up to 20 x 7 cm., ovate with the margin fairly regularly divided into deltoid spinescent teeth which are c. 0–5 cm. long on the lateral margins but appear longer apically; leaflets diminishing in size towards the leaf-base, ultimately becoming bifurcated spines.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Cones
Median male cone-scales ascending with the head deflexed; head triangular in outline with a hexagonal terminal facet. Female cone, 30 x 15 cm., 1–3, subsessile, bright red; median cone-scales up to 7 cm. long, glabrous, with a dorsiventrally flattened head of almost square outline bearing two long processes that extend to the cone-axis between the seeds of adjacent scales, the umbo concave terminally and not deflexed.
sex Male
Median male cone-scales ascending with the head deflexed; head triangular in outline with a hexagonal terminal facet.
sex Female
Female cone, 30 x 15 cm., 1–3, subsessile, bright red; median cone-scales up to 7 cm. long, glabrous, with a dorsiventrally flattened head of almost square outline bearing two long processes that extend to the cone-axis between the seeds of adjacent scales, the umbo concave terminally and not deflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 5 x 1–5 cm., bright vermilion-red, becoming black, the fleshy part exceeding the stony inner part distally by about 2 cm.

Native to:

KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique

Encephalartos ferox G.Bertol. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 3: 264 (1851)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

EDGE Gymnosperms
EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/