1. Family: Nyctaginaceae Juss.
    1. Commicarpus Standl.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Nyctaginaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Perennial herbs or subshrubs with slender, climbing or trailing stems, often woody towards the base
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, subequal, mostly ovate-cordate, entire or sinuate, often fleshy, with conspicuous petioles
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences bisexual, in umbels or verticels, on moderately long pedicels, bracteate; perianth trumpet-shaped, 5-lobed; stamens 2–6, exserted; filaments united at the base
    Pistil
    Ovary stipitate; style filiform, exserted; stigma capitate
    Fruits
    Anthocarp cylindric-fusiform to clavate, rather obscurely 10-ribbed, with numerous, rather large, mucilaginous glands scattered over its surface; embryo hooked.
    [FZ]

    Nyctaginaceae, B. L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Perennial herbs or subshrubs.
    Stem
    Stems long, slender, erect, reclining or climbing, often much branched.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite in (sub) equal pairs, petiolate, often fleshy, usually entire or repand, rhaphides often visible on inferior surface in dried state.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences umbellate, verticillate, irregularly branched or mixed, pedunculate.
    Flowers
    Flowers small, fugacious, hermaphrodite, usually pedicellate; each pedicel bracteate.
    Bracts
    Bracts caducous.
    Perianth
    Perianth often with rhaphides clearly visible over surface, lower portion constricted above ovary with glands over surface often particularly around apex, greenish, persistent, upper portion petaloid, coloured, infundibuliform, shallowly lobed, sometimes with distinct basal tube, caducous after anthesis.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2–5 (6), exserted; filaments filiform, often unequal, connate into short sheath at the base; anthers dithecous.
    Pistil
    Ovary usually ellipsoid, often stipitate, 1-ovulate; style filiform, exserted; stigma capitate.
    Fruits
    Anthocarps cylindrical, fusiform, clavate or turbinate, more or less 10-sulcate, with variously arranged, large, viscid, sessile or stipitate glands.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Angola, Arizona, Aruba, Ascension, Azores, Bahamas, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Galápagos, Guatemala, Gulf States, Hainan, Haiti, India, Iran, Iran, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, New Mexico, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, St.Helena, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Commicarpus Standl. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 373 (1909)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Boerhavia.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Contrib. U.S. Nat. Herb. 12373 (1909).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 12: 373 (1909).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bittrich & U. Kühn in Kubitzki et al., Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 2: 482 (1993)
    • Stannard in F.Z. 9(1): 15 (1988)
    • Meikle in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edin. 36: 235–249 (1978)
    • in Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 12: 373 (1909)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/