1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Carex L.
      1. Carex acutiformis Ehrh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe, Medit. to Kashmir.

    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Type
    Type: Germany, Brunswig-Luneburg, Ehrhardt s.n. (MW?, holo.)
    Habit
    Tufted sedge 0.9–1.2(–1.7) m tall.
    Stem
    Stems ± scabrid with thick short scaly stolons
    Leaves
    Leaf sheaths long, green or straw coloured or basal one sometime reddish Leaves up to 8 cm long, 6–8(–12) mm wide, plicate with distinctly scabrid margins.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence bracts with a dark brown rim opposite the blade Lower spikes entirely female and some intermediate ones half of each. Upper 2–3 spikes male with a few basal female flowers. Inflorescence of 5–8 erect or drooping spikes 1.5–10.5 cm long, 4–5 mm wide, arising singly, the upper ± sessile, the lowest with peduncles 5–20 cm long.
    Glume
    Glumes dark brown with pale brown edges and midrib, 3–4 mm long (the basal ones 6–7 mm long including a 2 mm long awn) acute or acuminate
    Fruits
    Utricles brownish with blackish raised dots, 3–4 mm long including a very short beak with very short apical teeth), densely papillate.
    Ecology
    Swamps and seepage bog; 2250–3000 m
    Note
    Gordon-Gray does not mention papillation of the utricles; she points out that some flowers can have 2-branched styles. The papillation does not occur throughout the wide distribution but some English specimens do show traces of it. Jermy & Tutin do not mention it. Material from T 7, Udzungwa Mts named C. acutiformis is not correctly named. The utricle beak is too long and has distinct teeth and the utricle is not papillate.
    Distribution
    Range: N & South Africa; Europe, Asia, N America Flora districts: U2 T2

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Connecticut, Indiana, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, New York, Ontario

    Carex acutiformis Ehrh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 10, 1902 s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain K000960500
    Nov 10, 1902 s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000960501
    Nov 10, 1902 s.coll. [33], United Kingdom K000960502

    First published in Beitr. Naturk. 4: 43 (1789)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Koopman, J. (2011). Carex Europaea. The Genus Carex L. (Cyperaceae) in Europe 1: 1-726. Margraf publishers,Weikersheim, Germany.
    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2008). Flora Iberica 18: 1-420. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Jermy, C., Simpson, D., Foley, M. & Porter, M. (2007). Sedges of the British Isles. B.S.B.I. Handbook No. 1, ed. 3: 1-554. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London.
    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jeanmonod, D. & Schlüssel, A. (2006). Notes et contributions à la flore de Corse, XXI Candollea 61: 93-134.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. 6: 507 fig. 212.183 (1997).
    • Strelitzia 2: 37, fig. 13 A–C (1995)
    • Fl. Turkey 9: 144 (1985)
    • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 378, fig. 780 (1983)
    • Jermy & Tutin, British Sedges: 198, fig. 16 (1968)
    • Fl. Cap. 7: 307 (1898)
    • Beitrag. Naturk. 4: 43 (1789)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0