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This species is accepted, and its native range is Gulf of Guinea Islands, SW. Cameroon, Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial sedge 60–100 cm. high
Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Pale brown or greenish basal leaf-sheaths
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Much branched panicles with short green spikes
Ecology
Montane forest 6,000–8,000 ft.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Bioko [Fernando Po], Clarence Peak, Mann 653 (K!, holo.)(Note: * Haines & Lye give Johnston from Kilimanjaro but C.B. Clarke in the 1899 reference clearly associates the word type with the Mann specimen.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial tussock plant 0.3–1.(1.2) m tall with woody rhizome; basal leaf sheaths dark red
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 50–90 cm long, 5–9 mm wide, scabrid on margins and veins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axis and side branches densely pubescent. Inflorescences green slender much branched panicles 8–50 cm long, often with one short and one longer branch at the lower nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Upper bracts 2 mm long with a 3–8 mm long awn, the lower ones leaf-like.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 6–20 mm long, 3–5 mm wide, a few male flowers above and 5–10 female flowers below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes pale green turning pale brown or greyish, 4–5 mm long including 1.5–2 mm long awn, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Utricle green becoming pale brown, 4–5.5 mm long including 1.5–2.2 mm long glabrous or slightly scabrid beak, often ± curved, with several distinct ribs on each side and often short spine-like hairs below the beak
Figures
Fig. 65, p433
Ecology
Evergreen forest and forest edges including rain forest, riparian forest and bamboo, swamp edges extending up to Erica belt; 1300–3300 m
Distribution
Range: Bioko, E Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Sudan, Ethiopia Flora districts: U2 U3 K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8

Native to:

Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Carex chlorosaccus C.B.Clarke appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 1998 Cheek, M. [8490], Cameroon K000678212
May 1, 1998 Cheek, M. [8565], Cameroon K000678214
May 1, 1998 Buzgo, M. [653], Cameroon K000678213
Jul 1, 1986 Pawek, J. [13856], Malawi Carex brassii K000286497
Robinson, E.A. [5375], Malawi Carex brassii K000286490
Robinson, E.A. [5266], Malawi Carex brassii K000286491
Robinson, E.A. [5277], Malawi Carex brassii K000286494
Robinson, E.A. [5277], Malawi Carex brassii K000286495
Chapman, J.D. [617], Malawi Carex brassii K000286489
Chapman, J.D. [2120], Malawi Carex brassii K000286496
Muller, T. [1476], Malawi Carex brassii K000286493
Feb 17, 1899 Mann, G. [s.n.], São Tomé Carex leptocladus K000363489

First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 34: 298 (1900)

Accepted by

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
  • Gehrke, B. (2011). Synopsis of Carex (Cyperaceae) from sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 166: 51-99.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 8: 519.
  • in J. Linn. Soc. 34: 298 (1899)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fl. Eth. 6: 505, fig. 212.179 & 212.185.10 (1997).
  • Fl. Rwanda: 429 (1988)
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes of E. Afr. 375, fig. 773 (1983)
  • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 3: 349 (1972)
  • Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24 (106): 10, figs 25, 26 (1963)
  • Robyns & Tournay, F.P.N.A. 3: 288 (1955)
  • F.D.-O.A. 1: 538 (1938)
  • Rev. Zool. Afr. 23: 211 (1933)
  • F.T.A. 8: 519 (1902)
  • J.L.S. 34: 298 (1899)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0