1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Carex L.
      1. Carex echinochloe Kunze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bioko to Ethiopia and Zimbabwe.

    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Type
    Type: Ethiopia, N Mt Selleuda (Scholoda), Schimper 26 (LZ†, holo.; K!, P, iso.)
    Habit
    Tufted perennial 40–90(–100) cm tall with shortly creeping rhizome.
    Stem
    Stems and inflorescence branches shortly hairy
    Leaves
    Leaves 40–120 cm long, (5–)6–14 mm wide.
    Leaf sheaths
    Sheaths brownish or dark, 2–6 cm long
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a slender densely branched panicle, green and brown, (8–)20–50 cm long, 5 cm wide, often with one longer and one shorter branch at each node.
    Bracts
    Upper bracts awned, the awn 3–8 mm long, scabrid, the lowest bracts long. Leaf-like overtopping the panicle.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 5–10 mm long, 5 mm wide, male above and female below; female glumes ovate, 4–5 mm long including the 1–2 mm long scabrid awn, acuminate, shortly aristate
    Filaments
    Filaments 3–4 mm long
    Fruits
    Nutlet dark with pale angles, trigonous. Utricle ellipsoid, trigonous, (3–)3.5–4.5 mm long including the beak, with up to 18 (3–7 vide Haines & Lye) well marked ribs; beak 0.7–1 mm long, shortly two-toothed, scabrid
    [FWTA]

    Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Tufted perennial about 1 m. high
    Inflorescences
    Simple or compound panicles of short greenish spikes
    Fruits
    Utricles ciliolate
    Ecology
    Forests and shade, 5,500–8,000 ft.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Carex echinochloe Kunze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [2275], Cameroon K000437013
    May 1, 1998 Cheek, M. [7349], Cameroon K000093776
    May 1, 1998 Asongani, J.N. [1322], Cameroon K000541207
    Jan 1, 1998 Thomas, D.W. [9265], Cameroon K000541212
    Jan 1, 1998 Cheek, M. [3698], Cameroon K000541213
    Jan 1, 1998 Watts, J. [442], Cameroon K000541215
    Mar 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7353], Cameroon K000212969
    Jul 6, 1958 Bogdan, A. [4532], Kenya K000333708
    Feb 17, 1899 Schimper [26], Ethiopia K000363465
    Feb 17, 1899 Schimper [26], Ethiopia K000363467
    Bogdan, A. [3571], Kenya K000333703
    Mann, G. [653], Equatorial Guinea K000099522
    Mann, G. [653], Equatorial Guinea K000099523
    Schimper [26], Ethiopia K000363466
    Bidgood, S. [5082], Tanzania K000190310
    Bidgood, S. [5083], Tanzania K000190311
    Bidgood, S. [5096], Tanzania K000190324
    Bidgood, S. [5333], Tanzania K000190563
    Luke, W.R.Q. [8840], Kenya K000333705
    Jack, C. [5826], Kenya K000333701
    Perdue, R.E. [9162], Kenya K000333706
    Leippert, H. [5139], Kenya K000333704
    Kerfoot, O. [60], Kenya K000333712
    Maas Geesteranus, R.A. [5184], Kenya K000333709
    Maas Geesteranus, R.A. [5450], Kenya K000333710
    Maas Geesteranus, R.A. [5262], Kenya K000333711
    Spjut, R.W. [3225], Kenya K000333713
    Knox, E.B. [3137], Kenya K000333707
    Grabner, J. [s.n.], Kenya K000333700

    First published in Suppl. Riedgräs.: 47 (1841)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
    • Gehrke, B. (2011). Synopsis of Carex (Cyperaceae) from sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 166: 51-99.
    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.W.T.A., ed. 1, 2: 495, partly, excl. synonymy.
    • Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr. Cyperaceae—Caricoideae: 270 (1909)
    • F.T.A. 8: 518
    • Suppl. Schkuhr’s Riedgr. 47, t. 12 (1841)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
    • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. 6: 505, fig. 212.178 & 212.185.11–12 (1997).
    • Fl. Rwanda 4: 429, fig. 177.1 (1988)
    • F.W.T.A. ed.2, 3: 349 (1972)
    • Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24 (106): 10, fig. 27 (1963)
    • Robyns & Tournay, F.P.N.A. 3: 288 (1955)
    • F.D.-O.A. 1: 535 (1938)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 1, 2: 495 (1936) pro parte
    • E.P. 4, 20 (Cyp.-Car.): 270 (1909)
    • F.T.A. 8 519 (1902)
    • Durand & Schinz., Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 683 (1895)
    • Engl. Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 152 (1892)
    • Linnaea 40: 340 (1876)
    • J.L.S. 7: 226 (1864)
    • Boott, Illustr. Carex 1: 62, t. 166 (1858)
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 513 (1850)
    • Suppl. Schkuhr’s Riedgr.: 47, t.12 (1841)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0