1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Paphiopedilum Pfitzer
      1. Paphiopedilum gigantifolium Braem, M.L.Baker & C.O.Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Central Sulawesi.

    [C-EM]
    Distribution

    Central/south Sulawesi only.

    Ecology

    On limestone cliffs in ravine above river, 700–1000 m.

    General Description

    A large lithophytic or terrestrial herb with several strap-shaped leaves. Leaves very coriaceous, ligulate, rounded at the apex, up to 60 cm long, 8–12 cm wide, glossy grass-green. Inflorescence suberect-spreading, up to 50–70 cm long, 3- to 5- (or more) flowered; peduncle purple, pubescent; bracts up to 6.5 x 2.2 cm, yellow heavily flushed with brown, densely red-brown pubescent. Flowers up to 6 cm across, 8-10 cm tall; pedicel and ovary white, densely reddish-brown pubescent on outer surface. Dorsal sepal 4-4.4 x 2.3–21.4 cm, ovate, acuminate, greenish yellow with three to five longitudinal maroon stripes in the basal two-thirds, purple-pubescent on outer surface. Synsepal similar to the dorsal sepal but smaller, 4–4.3 x 1.8–1.9 cm, green but lacking the maroon stripes. Petals lineartapering, arcuate-pendent, 7–10 x 1–1.2 cm, pale yellow spotted with red-brown in the basal half, with a few red-brown hairs at the base. Lip porrect, grooved on back surface, 5.4–6 cm long, 2–2.3 cm wide, very similar to that of P. stonei, flushed with pinkish brown on a paler background, glabrous on outer surface. Column short; staminode longitudinally elliptic-oblong, shallowly notched at apex, slightly concave, 17mm long, 14 mm wide, white with yellowish sides and bristly brown hairs on the side.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Sulawesi

    Paphiopedilum gigantifolium Braem, M.L.Baker & C.O.Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Indonesia 63392.000
    Vietnam 71297.000

    First published in Orchidées Cult. Protect. 31: 34 (1997)

    Accepted by

    • Koopowitz, H. (2012). An updated, annotated checklist of the genus Paphiopedilum Orchid Digest 76: 178-215.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    • Braem, G.J., Baker, M.L. & Baker, C.O. Paphiopedilum gigantifolium, a new Slipper Orchid from the Island of Sulawesi (Indonesia). Orchidées, Cultures et Protection 30, 9-12 (1997).
    • Braem, M.L.B. & Baker, C.O. Original description of Paphiopedilum gigantifolium. 31, (1997).

    Sources

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0