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  • Simaroubaceae DC.

This family is accepted.
Picrasma javanica

[FTEA]

Simaroubaceae, Brian Stannard. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2000

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, occasionally scandent, sometimes spiny, usually containing bitter substances; pubescence usually simple, sometimes glandular
Morphology Leaves
Leaves spirally arranged, pinnate or simple, exstipulate or with stipular spines (Harrisonia)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences paniculate, racemose or cymose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual, unisexual or polygamous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx of 3–5(–6) sepals nearly always partly united, valvate to slightly imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 3–5(–9), rarely absent (not in Flora area), usually free, imbricate or valvate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens 4–10, inserted at the base of a disc, free, sometimes with a scale attached at the base of the filament
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Disc annular, pulviniform, cupular or sometimes inconspicuous (at least in dried specimens)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium
Ovary globose or 2–5(–6+)-lobed, 2–5(–6+)-locular with 1(–2) ovules per locule, or with free carpels; styles (2–)4–8, free or variously connate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a berry or composed of drupaceous mericarps or dry mericarps attached to a central carpophore
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed with little or no endosperm

[FZ]

Simaroubaceae, H. Wild and J. B. Phipps. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or shrublets, occasionally ± sarmentose, sometimes spiny and with pubescence of simple, sometimes glandular hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate (at least in our area), pinnate or sometimes simple, exstipulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences paniculate, bracteate (in our area)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual, unisexual or polygamous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2–5-lobed, often very deeply so
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (3) 4–5 (9), imbricate or valvate, very rarely united in a tube (not in our area), very rarely absent (not in our area)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Disk annular, cupular, or sometimes fused with the ovary, rarely absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens 4–10 (18), rarely ? (not in our area), free, sometimes with a scale adnate at the base of the filament
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium
Ovary subentire or rarely (2) 4–5-lobed, (1) 2–5-locular; loculi 1-ovulate or rarely 2-ovulate, or sometimes with 2–5 free carpels; styles (2) 4–5, free or variously united
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a berry, or of separate drupaceous mericarps or dry angled mericarps suspended from a central carpophore

[FWTA]

Simaroubaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, sometimes with bitter bark, rarely spiny
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, imparipinnate, rarely simple, not or very rarely gland-dotted; stipules absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, unisexual or polygamous, actinomorphic
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes 3–5
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 3–5, imbricate or valvate, rarely absent, free or united into a tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Disk present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens inserted at the base of the disk, equal or double the number of the petals, rarely more numerous, free, sometimes with a scale at the base; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium
Ovary 2–5-lobed, 1–5-celled, or carpels quite separate; styles 2–5; ovules usually solitary, rarely 2 or more, axile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit usually indehiscent, dry or drupaceous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with or without endosperm; embryo straight or curved

Simaroubaceae DC. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 2: 209. 1811 [Jan 1811] (as "Simarubeae") (1811)

Accepted by

  • APG IV (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12385

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0