1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Eragrostis Wolf

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Inflorescence an open, contracted, spiciform or glomerate panicle, very rarely of racemes on a central axis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–many-flowered (a few lower florets sterile in 22. E. plurigluma), orbicular to vermiform, variously disarticulating; glumes often deciduous, 1- or rarely 3-nerved; lemmas 3-nerved but the laterals sometimes very faint and occasionally suppressed, dorsally keeled or rounded, membranous to coriaceous, glabrous to asperulous or rarely hairy, entire or rarely 3-toothed or lobed, obtuse to acuminate, rarely mucronate or shortly awned, or with excurrent lateral nerves; palea keels sometimes winged or ciliate; anthers 2–3.Fruit mostly rotund to elliptic, usually a caryopsis but sometimes the pericarp free.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (135), or perennial (278). Rhizomes absent (373), or short (18), or elongated (16). Stolons absent (392), or present (13). Culms erect (254/310), or geniculately ascending (129/310), or decumbent (38/310), or prostrate (6/310), or rambling (1/310); robust (12/30), or slender (18/30); 2-50.05-300 cm long; firm (371), or wiry (28), or woody (4); without nodal roots (7/12), or rooting from lower nodes (11/12), or eventually collapsing and rooting from upper nodes (1/12). Culm-internodes terete (10/13), or semiterete (1/13), or channelled (3/13), or elliptical in section (4/13). Culm-nodes swollen (1/1). Lateral branches lacking (73/104), or sparse (28/104), or ample (17/104), or fastigiate (4/104), or suffrutescent (2/104). Branch complement one (1/1), or two (1/1), or three (1/1), or several (1/1), or many (1/1). Ligule an eciliate membrane (2), or a ciliolate membrane (4), or a ciliate membrane (3), or a fringe of hairs (388), or absent (5). Leaf-blades persistent (401), or deciduous at the ligule (3); aciculate (3), or filiform (46), or linear (356), or lanceolate (10), or elliptic (1); herbaceous (390), or coriaceous (12); stiff (52), or firm (347), or flaccid (4); without exudate (396), or viscid (7); without scent (401), or aromatic (2). Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous (3/3). Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (15/15). Leaf-blade apex muticous (394), or pungent (8).
    Inflorescences
    Bisexual (400), or dioecious (2). Inflorescence a panicle (401), or composed of racemes (3); terminal (397), or terminal and axillary (8); not deciduous as a whole (398), or deciduous as a whole (4); exserted (395), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (10). Panicle open (316/401), or contracted (73/401), or spiciform (31/401), or glomerate (6/401), or capitate (4/401). Primary panicle branches not whorled (380/401), or whorled at lower nodes (23/401), or whorled at most nodes (7/401); without sterile bristles (396/401), or sterile at the tips (8/401). Racemes borne along a central axis (3/3); unilateral (1/1); bearing few fertile spikelets (2/3), or many spikelets (1/3). Rhachis angular (1/1); terminating in a spikelet (1/3), or barren extension (2/3); extension bristle-like (2/2). Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis (1/1). Spikelets appressed (10/18), or ascending (1/18), or spreading (9/18); solitary, or in pairs (1). Fertile spikelets sessile (44), or sessile and pedicelled (1), or pedicelled (370). Pedicels filiform (52/75), or linear (4/75), or oblong (18/75), or reduced to a stump (2/75); tip widened (3/3). Male inflorescence similar to female (2/2); a panicle (1/1). Male spikelets resembling female (2/2).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 0 basal sterile florets (2/8), or 1 basal sterile florets (4/8), or 2 basal sterile florets (3/8), or 3 basal sterile florets (2/8), or 4-5 basal sterile florets (1/8); 1-13-145 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension (1), or with a barren rhachilla extension (6), or with diminished florets at the apex (397). Spikelets linear (131), or lanceolate (37), or elliptic (41), or oblong (237), or ovate (114), or orbicular (8), or obovate (3), or oblanceolate (1), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed (396), or subterete (13); 0.8-7.409-50 mm long; persistent on plant (4), or falling entire (4), or breaking up at maturity (397); rhachilla deciduous (98/397), or rhachilla persistent (299/397); disarticulating below each fertile floret (95/98), or between fertile florets but the distal falling as a whole (1/98), or below groups of fertile florets (2/98), or above glumes but not between florets (1/98); retaining paleas (233/298), or shedding paleas (67/298). Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (401), or elongated between glumes (2); glabrous (396), or pubescent (5), or pilose (3). Floret callus pubescent (1/1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 0 basal sterile florets (2/8), or 1 basal sterile florets (4/8), or 2 basal sterile florets (3/8), or 3 basal sterile florets (2/8), or 4-5 basal sterile florets (1/8); 1-13-145 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension (1), or with a barren rhachilla extension (6), or with diminished florets at the apex (397). Spikelets linear (131), or lanceolate (37), or elliptic (41), or oblong (237), or ovate (114), or orbicular (8), or obovate (3), or oblanceolate (1), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed (396), or subterete (13); 0.8-7.409-50 mm long; persistent on plant (4), or falling entire (4), or breaking up at maturity (397); rhachilla deciduous (98/397), or rhachilla persistent (299/397); disarticulating below each fertile floret (95/98), or between fertile florets but the distal falling as a whole (1/98), or below groups of fertile florets (2/98), or above glumes but not between florets (1/98); retaining paleas (233/298), or shedding paleas (67/298). Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (401), or elongated between glumes (2); glabrous (396), or pubescent (5), or pilose (3). Floret callus pubescent (1/1).
    Glume
    Glumes persistent (35/362), or lower persistent, upper deciduous (2/362), or deciduous (327/362); shorter than spikelet (400), or reaching apex of florets (2), or exceeding apex of florets (1); thinner than fertile lemma (1), or similar to fertile lemma in texture (401); parallel to lemmas (399), or recurved at apex (1), or gaping (2). Lower glume linear (12), or lanceolate (187), or elliptic (5), or oblong (20), or ovate (214), or orbicular (2); 0.2-0.8384-1.25 length of upper glume; hyaline (20/274), or membranous (248/274), or chartaceous (5/274), or herbaceous (1/274), or cartilaginous (9/274); without keels (22), or 1-keeled (386); 0 -veined (16/401), or 1 -veined (384/401), or 2 -veined (7/401), or 3 -veined (13/401), or 4-5 -veined (1/401). Lower glume lateral veins absent (387), or obscure (1), or distinct (16). Lower glume surface smooth (392), or asperulous (11), or scabrous (2); glabrous (394), or pilose (12). Lower glume apex entire (400), or erose (2); emarginate (6), or obtuse (47), or acute (316), or acuminate (63), or attenuate (3), or setaceously attenuate (2), or cuspidate (1); muticous (398), or mucronate (3), or awned (2). Upper glume linear (7), or lanceolate (155), or elliptic (9), or oblong (21), or ovate (243), or orbicular (3); 0.2-0.8379-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline (15/270), or membranous (248/270), or chartaceous (5/270), or herbaceous (1/270), or cartilaginous (10/270); with undifferentiated margins (398), or hyaline margins (4); without keels (4/401), or 1-keeled (400/401); 0 -veined (3/401), or 1 -veined (380/401), or 2 -veined (10/401), or 3 -veined (30/401), or 4-5 -veined (1/401). Upper glume surface smooth (393), or asperulous (10), or scabrous (2); glabrous (394), or pilose (12); with simple hairs (10/12), or tubercle-based hairs (3/12). Upper glume apex entire (401), or erose (2), or dentate (1); 3 -fid (1/1); emarginate (4), or truncate (1), or obtuse (45), or acute (319), or acuminate (64), or attenuate (4), or setaceously attenuate (2), or cuspidate (1); muticous (398), or mucronate (5), or awned (1); 1 -awned (1/1).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren (8/8); with palea (1/6), or without significant palea (5/6). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (1/1); 1 -veined (2/2), or 2-3 -veined (1/2). Fertile florets bisexual (400), or female (2). Fertile lemma lanceolate (27/400), or elliptic (78/400), or oblong (55/400), or ovate (290/400), or orbicular (24/400), or oblate (4/400), or trullate (1/400), or obovate (3/400); not gibbous (395), or gibbous (7); lanceolate in profile (6/15), or elliptic in profile (3/15), or oblong in profile (1/15), or ovate in profile (4/15), or hemispherical (1/15), or globose (1/15); hyaline (1), or membranous (335), or chartaceous (34), or herbaceous (1), or scarious (2), or cartilaginous (32), or coriaceous (3); of similar consistency above (399), or much thinner above (3); of similar consistency on margins (392), or much thinner on margins (10); without keel (11), or keeled (392); wingless (401), or winged on keel (1); 1-2 -veined (3/400), or 3 -veined (400/400), or 4-5 -veined (2/400). Lemma midvein without distinctive roughness (354), or scaberulous (34), or scabrous (19); eciliate (399), or ciliolate (2), or ciliate (3). Lemma lateral veins obscure (72/221), or distinct (86/221), or prominent (61/221), or thickened (5/221); without ribs (396), or ribbed (6); excurrent (6/17), or extending close to apex (5/17), or stopping well short of apex (6/17), or less than two thirds length of lemma (3/17). Lemma surface smooth (349), or granulose (8), or asperulous (12), or scaberulous (37), or scabrous (9), or tuberculate (1), or punctate (2); glabrous (392), or puberulous (3), or pubescent (2), or pilose (9), or hispidulous (3), or hispid (1); hairy on back (14/16), or on veins (2/16); with simple hairs (12/16), or tubercle-based hairs (4/16). Lemma margins eciliate (386), or ciliolate (2), or ciliate (8), or pubescent (4), or pilose (9), or woolly (1). Lemma apex entire (395), or erose (4), or dentate (4), or lobed (1); 2 -fid (1/4), or 3 -fid (3/4); incised 0.3-0.35-0.4 of lemma length; emarginate (15/399), or truncate (19/399), or obtuse (141/399), or acute (234/399), or acuminate (35/399), or setaceously attenuate (1/399), or cuspidate (4/399), or apiculate (6/399), or caudate (1/399); without ornament (401), or pubescent (1); muticous (389), or mucronate (28), or awned (3); 1 -awned (3/4), or 3 -awned (1/4). Principal lemma awn apical (29/30), or from a sinus (1/30). Palea embraced by lemma (400), or readily splitting down midline (2); 0.33-0.8484-1.1 length of lemma; hyaline (13), or membranous (386), or chartaceous (1), or cartilaginous (4), or coriaceous (1); 2 -veined (64/64). Palea keels separated (392), or approximate (8), or contiguous above a sulcus (2); unthickened (389), or thickened (13); wingless (378), or winged (24); with entire wings (22/24), or erose wings (1/24), or toothed wings (1/24); smooth (196), or scaberulous (150), or scabrous (59), or tuberculate (11); eciliate (292), or puberulous (3), or pubescent (5), or ciliolate (64), or ciliate (37), or pectinate (2), or woolly (1). Palea surface glabrous (399), or pubescent (1), or pilose (3). Palea apex dentate (3/3); muticous (401), or with excurrent keel veins (1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped (396/397), or distinct from fertile (1/397).
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (213/213); fleshy (211/211); truncate (2/2). Anthers 2 (52/282), or 3 (235/282). Stigmas 2 (5/5). Ovary glabrous (1/1).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (378/387), or tardily free pericarp (7/387), or free soft pericarp (4/387); linear (2/277), or lanceolate (2/277), or fusiform (1/277), or ellipsoid (137/277), or oblong (83/277), or ovoid (49/277), or orbicular (47/277), or obovoid (8/277), or square (2/277); isodiametric (31/59), or laterally compressed (12/59), or dorsally compressed (13/59), or flattened (3/59); biconvex (2/14), or plano-convex (3/14), or concavo-convex (1/14), or trigonous (6/14), or quadrangular (2/14); smooth (2/16), or striate (5/16), or reticulate (10/16), or rugose (1/16). Embryo 0.33-0.4869-0.9 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (10/11), or elliptic (1/11).
    Male
    Male inflorescence similar to female (2/2); a panicle (1/1). Male spikelets resembling female (2/2).
    Cleistogene
    Cleistogenes absent (401), or present (1); in upper sheaths (1/1).
    Distribution
    Europe (10), or Africa (212), or Temperate Asia (51), or Tropical Asia (56), or Australasia (75), or Pacific (33), or North America (54), or South America (91).
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials, often glandular particularly on leaf-sheath and inflorescence
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear; ligule usually reduced to a ciliate rim, rarely membranous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an open, contracted or spike-like panicle, the branches sometimes racemose but at least the longer with short side branchlets (except E. flavicans), rarely ending in a slender bristle
    Spikelets
    Spikelets laterally compressed, variously disarticulating, awnless (except 9, E. arisiiglumis); glumes mostly subequal, shorter than the lowest lemma and 1-nerved; lemmas 3-nerved, mostly glabrous, acuminate to emarginate, rarely mucronulate; palea a little shorter than the lemma, deciduous or persistent, the keels sometimes long-ciliate, rarely winged; anthers 2–3
    Fruits
    Caryopsis usually globose to ellipsoid, smooth or finely striate to finely reticulate, the pericarp adherent (sometimes slightly loose but never free).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Line Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alberta, Ascension, Baltic States, Belgium, Bermuda, Central American Pac, Chagos Archipelago, Chatham Is., Cook Is., Denmark, Great Britain, Jawa, Mexican Pacific Is., Netherlands, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niue, Norfolk Is., Prince Edward I., Samoa, Society Is., Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuvalu, Venezuelan Antilles, Wake I.

    Eragrostis Wolf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hatschbach, G. [58588], Brazil K001075259
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5001], Myanmar K001104459
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5001], Myanmar K001104460
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5001], Myanmar K001104461
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5001], India K001104462
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5001], Nepal K001104464
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5001], Myanmar K001104467
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5003], Myanmar K001104470
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5003], Myanmar K001104471
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5004], Myanmar K001104472
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5004], India K001104473
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5005], India K001104474
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5006] K001104475
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5006] K001104476
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5006] K001104477
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5006], Myanmar K001104478
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5006], India K001104479
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5007], Myanmar K001104480
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5007], India K001104481
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5007], Myanmar K001104485
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5007], Myanmar K001104486
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5008], India K001104489
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5008], India K001104490
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5008], India K001104491
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3821], Myanmar K001117323
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3822], Myanmar K001117326
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3828], India K001117357
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3828], India K001117358
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3828], India K001117360
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3829], India K001117361
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3830], Nepal K001117367
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3830], Myanmar K001117368
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3830], Myanmar K001117369
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3831], India K001117371
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3832], India K001117375
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3833], Nepal K001117377
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3834], Nepal K001117378
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3834], Nepal K001117379
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3835], Nepal K001117380
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3836], Myanmar K001117381
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3836], Myanmar K001117382
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3837], Myanmar K001117383
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3838], Nepal K001117387
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3838], India K001117388
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3838], Myanmar K001117391
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3839], Myanmar K001117394
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3843], India K001117400
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3845], Myanmar K001117404
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3846], India K001117405
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3850], India K001117420
    Webb, W.S. [Cat. no. 5002], India K001104468
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3832] K001117376
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3838] K001117386
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5001] K001104463
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5001] K001104465
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5001] K001104466
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5002] K001104469
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5007] K001104482
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5007], Bangladesh K001104483
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5007] K001104484
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5008] K001104487
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5008], India K001104488
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5008] K001104492
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5008] K001104493
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5009] K001104494
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5009], Bangladesh K001104495
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5010] K001104496
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5010], India K001104497
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5010] K001104498
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5011] K001104499
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5012], India K001104500
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5013] K001104501
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5013] K001104502
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3821] K001117316
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3821], India K001117317
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3821] K001117318
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3821] K001117319
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3821] K001117320
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3821] K001117321
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3821] K001117322
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3822] K001117324
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3822] K001117325
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3823], India K001117327
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3823], India K001117328
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3828] K001117352
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3828] K001117353
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3828], India K001117354
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3828], India K001117355
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3828], India K001117356
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3828] K001117359
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3829] K001117362
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3829], India K001117363
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3829] K001117364
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3829] K001117365
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3829] K001117366
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3831] K001117370
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3831] K001117372
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3831] K001117373
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3831], India K001117374
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3838] K001117384
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3838] K001117385
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3838] K001117389
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3838] K001117390
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3838] K001117392
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3838] K001117393
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3840] K001117395
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3840] K001117396
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3842], India K001117397
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3841], India K001117398
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3843], India K001117399
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3843] K001117401
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3843] K001117402
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3844], Bangladesh K001117403
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3847] K001117406
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3847] K001117407
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3848] K001117408
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3849] K001117409
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3850] K001117410
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3850], India K001117411
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3850], India K001117412
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3850], Bangladesh K001117413
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3850] K001117414
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3850] K001117415
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3850] K001117416
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3850], India K001117417
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3850] K001117418
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3850] K001117419

    First published in Gen. Pl.: 23 (1776)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Gen. Pl. Vocab. Char. Def. 23 (1776).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl.: 23 (1776).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gen. Pl. Vocab. Char. Def.: 23 (1776)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/