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This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Europe, Africa, Antarctic, Pacific, Southern America, Northern America, Australasia and Asia-Temperate..


Plantaginaceae, G. Lehmann. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Annual or perennial, terrestrial, caulescent or mostly acaulescent herbs.
Leaves usually in radical rosettes or opposite or alternate on branched stems, various in shape, usually entire.
Inflorescence a pedunculate, cylindrical spike or head, with inconspicuous flowers, each subtended by a bract.
Flowers almost always hermaphrodite, 4-merous.
Calyx about as long as the corolla tube.
Corolla 4-lobed, somewhat scarious; tube campanulate-tubular or urceolate; lobes lanceolate or ovate, shorter than the tube, usually with membranous margins or deflexed.
Stamens 4, inserted in the corolla tube, alternating with the corolla lobes, exserted; filaments slender.
Disk rare.
Ovary globose or nearly so, bilocular, ovules 1-many in each locule; style usually much exserted and villous, more rarely included; stigma simple.
Fruit a membranous capsule, circumscissile.
Seeds 1-many in each locule, usually more or less boat-shaped with ventral hilum, mucilaginous when wet; albumen fleshy; embryo straight or curved; radicle inferior.


Plantaginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Annual or perennial, terrestrial, caulescent or mostly acaulescent herbs or suffruticose herbs
Leaves usually all radical but sometimes, in the species with developed stems, cauline
Flowers nearly always hermaphrodite, 4-merous, in heads or cylindrical spikes
Stamens inserted in the corolla-tube
Ovary 2-4-locular; ovules 1-many in each locule
Capsule circumscissile
Seeds 1-many in each locule, usually ± boat-shaped with ventral hilum; albumen fleshy; embryo straight or curved; radicle inferior.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Amur, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Føroyar, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Niger, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Angola, Ascension, Belize, Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Chagos Archipelago, Christmas I., Cook Is., Crozet Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Kerguelen, Leeward Is., Marion-Prince Edward, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Niue, Puerto Rico, Samoa, Seychelles, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zambia

Plantago L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Rico, L. [1909], Morocco K000564905
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6017], Brazil K001048632
Gardner [5138], Brazil K001048622
Gardner [216], Brazil K001048624
Burchell [3241], Brazil K001048623

First published in Sp. Pl.: 112 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 5: 504.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 52 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl.: 112 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Pilg. in E.P. IV. 269: 1-466 (1937)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 52 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 112 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.