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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
About 100 species in all tropical regions.
Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs or shrubs, erect or scandent, with indumentum of stellate hairs or with simple hairs intermixed
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire to digitately lobed, with crenate, dentate or serrate margin; stipules subulate to narrowly triangular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences leaf-opposed or terminal-Sepals 5, linear to elliptic, with or without a subapical horn
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow to orange, obovate to linear, with ciliolate claw, shorter than the sepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androgynophore
Androgynophore produced into a ± membranous ciliate ring or disc within which the stamens are inserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5–40
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2–5-celled with 2 ovules in each cell; style slender with entire or 2–5-lobed stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule bristly or spiny, indehiscent or dehiscent with 3–5 valves; seeds brown, obovoid to subreniform.

[FTEA]

Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Annual herbs to large shrubs, rarely with annual stems from a woody rootstock; stems mostly erect, pubescent, rarely prostrate or glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blade entire or trilobed, sometimes digitately divided to the base, margin serrate, rarely crenate; often with raised black glands at the petiole apex or adjoining leaf-blade, or sunken black cylindrical glands on the basal margin of the leaf, replacing the teeth; stipules narrowly triangular, brown, often persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence usually terminal, several-branched and leafy, with 1–12 cymes, each with (1–)3(–5) flowers at each node, usually opposite the leaf; cymes usually with short and inconspicuous peduncle, bracts and pedicels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, entirely free, usually as long or longer than the petals, usually stellate-hairy and with 1(–2) glabrous, conspicuous terminal spines
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, yellow to orange, often with a ± distinct basal claw, the basal part with a pubescent margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens all fertile, (5–)10–25(–35), often in 2 ranks in bud, reaching the same height at anthesis, filaments cylindrical; anthers dehiscing by slits
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary spherical, tomentose, with 2–5-locules each with 2 pendulous collateral ovules, style slightly longer and thicker than the stamen filaments; stigma entire or minutely 2–5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit spherical or ovoid, indehiscent or dehiscent by 4(–5) valves, dry, brown or black, very rarely ( T. glechomoides ) becoming red and fleshy, with hooked or straight bristles, rarely with thick-based spines
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–2 per locule, subreniform, 1.5–4 mm long, brown or black, not fleshy.

[FZ]

Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, shrublets or shrubs, sometimes with annual stem from a woody rootstock.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate, simple or digitate, often lobed, serrate or crenate, often several-nerved from the base; stipules lateral.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic, borne in cymes in terminal inflorescences or at the nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, usually linear and with a short horn just behind the apex, usually stellately hairy without.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, yellow or orange, linear to obovate, narrowed to the base, and often hairy at the base or just above it.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4–40, raised on a short glabrous androgynophore or torus with a glandular patch just above each petal base; apex of the androgynophore produced into a ciliate or pubescent or villous disk or annulus between which and the ovary the stamens are inserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary often tubercled or echinulate, each tubercle surmounted by one or more minute bristles, 2–5-locular with 2 pendulous collateral ovules in each loculus or falsely 10-locular by the intrusion of longitudinal false septa; style terete, about as long as the stamens; stigma entire or very shortly 2–5-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule, dividing into 3–5-valves with 1–2 seeds per loculus or indehiscent, usually globose, sometimes ovoid, echinate or setose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds obovoid or subreniform; testa rather leathery and brown; embryo straight; cotyledons flat, suborbicular; endosperm fleshy, scanty.

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Howland-Baker Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Line Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Marianas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Galápagos, Norfolk Is., Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, St.Helena

Triumfetta Plum. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Chancellor, R.J. [71], Uganda 9867.000
Philcox, D. [4472], Brazil K001209655
Sanford, W.W. [5455], Cameroon K000094581
Trail, J.W.H. [69], Brazil K001209611
Trail, J.W.H. [69], Brazil K001209612
Bauer, P.J. [100], Cameroon K000094582
Krapovickas, A. [43758], Brazil K001209661
Krapovickas, A. [43758], Brazil K001209662
Mori, S.A. [11040], Brazil K001209606
Lucena, M.F.A. [75], Brazil K001209607
Irwin, H.S. [s.n.], Brazil K001209547
Irwin, H.S. [22650], Brazil K001209549
Heringer, E.P. [4153], Brazil K001209600
Heringer, E.P. [4238], Brazil K001209605
Heringer, E.P. [6759], Brazil K001209660
Salzmann [s.n.], Brazil K001209596
Eiten, G. [2400], Brazil K001209610
Eiten, G. [2400], Brazil K001209615
Pinto, G.C.P. [s.n.], Brazil K001209609
Anderson, W.R. [10310], Brazil K001209548
Kirkbride, J.H. [4766], Brazil K001209608
Silva, A. [252], Brazil K001209658
Robert, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001209657
Lucas, E.J. [453], Brazil K001209601
Prance, G.T. [5191], Brazil K001209613
Prance, G.T. [13724], Brazil K001209614
Glaziou, A.F.M. [14515], Brazil K001209656
Vieira, M.C.W. [437], Brazil K001209603
Lima, J.M. [399], Brazil K001209659
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Bangladesh K001132318
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132319
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132320
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001209595
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001209597
Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001209616
Weyland, M.C. [318], Brazil K001209602
Weyland, M.C. [437], Brazil K001209604

First published in Sp. Pl.: 444 (1753)

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Sprague & Hutch. in J. Linn. Soc. 39: 231–276 (1909).
  • —F.T.A. 1: 254

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sprague & Hutch, in Journ. Linn. Soc., Bot. 39: 231–276 (1909).
  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 203 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 444 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by Sebsebe Demissew [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 1–7, 87–94 (1997)
  • Sprague & Hutch. in J.L.S. 39: 231–276, t. 17/1–12 (1909)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 203 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 444 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0