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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.
Celtis (Cannabaceae)

[FZ]

Ulmaceae, C. M. Wilmot-Dear. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, monoecious rarely dioecious, unarmed (often armed in non African species).
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, lamina usually unequal-sided at the base, penninerved or 3-nerved from the base; cystoliths often present, giving a scabrous texture to the mature leaves; stipules usually small.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers often precocious, in many small cymes (sometimes fasciculate in non African species), female flowers sometimes in separate inflorescences.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4)5, ± free, imbricate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary sessile; styles often once or twice-branched.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit drupaceous, thinly fleshy, sometimes with ribbed endocarp.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, with often unequal-sided blade, entire or serrate in the upper two-thirds, often scabrid due to presence of cystoliths
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in cymes or clusters, the female or bisexual ones few to several, with longer pedicels, and usually in the uppermost inflorescences
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4–)5, free, imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens as many as the sepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary sessile, 1-celled, with simple or 1–2-branched styles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe with hard endocarp.
Distribution
Some 60 species, widespread in the tropics and northern temperate regions.

[FTEA]

Ulmaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, monoecious or rarely dioecious, ± armed
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades penninerved or 3–5-nerved from the base, which is often unequal-sided, and with cystoliths, giving a scabrous texture to the mature leaves, often present
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules usually small and caducous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences cymose or fasciculate, the lower ones usually with many predominantly ♂ flowers, the upper ones with few longer pedicelled ♀, hermaphroditeflowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4–)5, free or almost so, imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens as many as the sepals; anthers ovate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary sessile, 1-locular; styles ± 1–2-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes thinly fleshy, subglobose to ellipsoid; endocarp hard, sometimes ribbed.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marquesas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, South Carolina, South Dakota, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Austria, Canary Is., Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Madeira, Switzerland

Celtis L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 10, 1988 Coradin, L. [6051], Brazil K000964256
Jan 1, 1979 Silva, A.S. [174], Brazil K000964307
May 11, 1915 Ratter, J.A. [6254], Brazil K000964303
Pennington, T.D. [13920], Ecuador 57124.000
Pennington, T.D. [14065], Ecuador 57125.000
Heringer, E.P. [5322], Brazil K000964306
Burchell, W.J. [s.n.], Brazil K000964294
Smith, L.B. [13215], Brazil K000964299
Pereira, B.A.S. [58], Brazil K000964309
Sales, M.F. de [610], Brazil K000964310
Heringer, E.P. [381], Brazil K000964298
Loureiro, R.L. [149], Brazil K000964301
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000964292
Lanna, J.P. [1874], Brazil K000964257
Sellow [836], Brazil K000964296
Burchell, W.J. [7314], Brazil K000964295
Krapovickas, A. [42992], Brazil K000964304
Smith, L.B. [14150], Brazil K000964291
Burchell, W.J. [923], Brazil K000964293
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132555
Ule, E. [5872], Brazil K000964297
Sucre, D. [3675], Brazil K000964258
Onishi, E. [232], Brazil K000964300
Fevereiro, V.P.B. [M75], Brazil K000964302
Rodal, M.J.N. [485], Brazil K000964311
Sales, M.F. de [610], Brazil K000964312
Ratter, J.A. [7548], Brazil K000964308
Pereira, B.A.S. [60], Brazil K000964305

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1043 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 2.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 467 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 1043 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by S. Fici [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 467 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 1043 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Neotropikey
Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0