1. Family: Lythraceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Lythrum L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Africa, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Lythraceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Perennial or annual herbs, rarely subshrubby
    Leaves
    Leaves decussate, verticillate or alternate
    Flowers
    Flowers 4–6(–8)-merous, regular or obscurely irregular, often di- or trimorphic, axillary, solitary or in cymes, sometimes congested into raceme-like “terminal” inflorescences
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular or ± campanulate, the sinus-appendages obvious or ± obsolete
    Corolla
    Petals mostly conspicuous, rarely lacking
    Stamens
    Stamens (1–)4–12, inserted near base of tube, some or all exserted, the ventrals and dorsals often inserted at different heights
    Pistil
    Ovary ± sessile, oblong or ovoid, incompletely bilocular; ovules numerous; style usually well developed, rarely almost lacking; stigma capitate
    Fruits
    Capsule 2-valved; valves sometimes ± bilobed, membranous to ± coriaceous
    Seeds
    Seeds 8 to numerous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Corse, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Hungary, Illinois, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Juan Fernández Is., Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, New Mexico, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, West Siberia, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Argentina South, California, Cape Provinces, Chile South, Idaho, Maine, Masachusettes, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Norfolk Is., Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Utah, Washington

    Lythrum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 446 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Koehne in E.P. IV. 216: 58 (1903)
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 205 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 446 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0