1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Thymus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Greenland, Temp. & Subtropical Eurasia to NE. Tropical Africa.

    [LKGF]

    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Habit
    Subshrubs or shrubs, often herbaceous above, usually gynodioecious, aromatic
    Stem
    Stems usually ± quadrangular, hairy all round, on two opposite sides or only on angles
    Leaves
    Leaves small, usually entire, frequently revolute
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of verticillasters forming a terminal, condensed, often spiciform or interrupted thyrse
    Bracts
    Bracts leaf-like or not, sometimes coloured
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles inconspicuous
    Calyx
    Calyx 2-lipped, 5-lobed (3/2), sometimes nearly actinomorphic, ± campanulate or cylindrical, 10-nerved, lobes triangular or setaceous (in t. mastichina l.), rarely posterior lip entire, anterior lip upcurved or spreading, throat bearded
    Corolla
    Corolla 2-lipped, or rarely nearly actinomorphic, 4-lobed (1/3), white, cream, pink or violet, posterior lip ± rounded, emarginate, straight, anterior rectangular to suborbicular, rounded, spreading, tube ± cylindrical, sometimes very long (to 20 mm)
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, exserted or not, thecae parallel, distinct
    Stigma
    Stigma-lobes ± equal
    Fruits
    Nutlets ovoid, smooth.
    Note
    2n = 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 42, 48, 50, 52, 54, 56, 58, 60, 84, 90.  About 220 species. Many hybrids have been recorded.  Sectional classification after Jalas (1971): Micantes Velen., Mastichina (Mill.) Benth., Piperella Willk., Pseudothymbra Benth., Thymus,
    Ecology
    Open areas
    Distribution
    Europe, Mediterranean region and Macaronesia, Asia, Northern Africa and mountains of Ethiopia, Southern Greenland.  Introduced to New Zealand, Canada, U.S.A. and Mexico.
    [LKGF]
    Use
    Aromatic, ornamental and medicinal plants used as flavouring, source of essential oils and honey.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Magadan, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Illinois, Leeward Is., Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New York, New Zealand South, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Québec, Vermont, Virginia, Washington

    Thymus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ash [1011], Ethiopia 35490.000
    Eig, A. [s.n.], Syria K001070088
    Haussknecht, H.C. [854], Armenia K001070087

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 590 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Morales, Ruizia 3: 1-324 (1986), rev. reg.
    • Jalas, Bot J. Linn. Soc. 64: 247-271 (1971), rev. reg.
    • Jalas & Kaleva, Fedde Rep. 81: 93-106 (1970)
    • Cephalotos Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 189 (1763).
    • Mastichina Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754).
    • Serpyllum Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754).
    • Thymus L., Sp. Pl. 2: 590 (1753)

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0