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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Old World.

[FZ]

Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Annual, biennial or perennial herbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, the basal ones long petiolate, the cauline ones shortly petiolate or sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of scorpioid cymes, ebracteate or bracteate to the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, pedicellate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed, not or but a little accrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube short, cylindrical or infundibuliform, closed with 5 scales (fornices) at the throat; lobes 5, imbricate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included; filaments very short; anthers ovate, elliptic or oblong, obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium
Gynobase conical.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary of 4 separate lobes, attached to the gynobase only by a little part of the inner surface; style usually shorter than the calyx; stigma terminal, capitate or subcapitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of 4 nutlets; nutlets glochidiate, depressed, with the outer surface flat, slightly concave or convex, the inner surface with the attach cicatrice near the apex, cohering with style or free.

[FTEA]

Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Perennial, biennial or rarely annual usually very hairy herbs or subshrubby herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, the radical ones long-petiolate, the cauline ones sessile or shortly petiolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes terminal or axillary, generally ebracteate, scorpioid, lengthening considerably in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white or blue, pedicellate or subsessile; calyx persistent with 5 spreading or reflexed lobes, slightly accrescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla cylindric-rotate or funnel-shaped with 5 broadly ovate imbricate spreading obtuse lobes; throat closed by ± squarish or crescent-shaped appendages
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, included, inserted at the base or towards the apex of the tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary distinctly 4-lobed, adhering to the central stylar column by a part of the internal face only of each lobe; style gynobasic; disc sometimes distinct and lobulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets 4, depressed-ovoid, usually densely echinulate with glochidiate spines or smooth in part, sometimes the apical beak cohering with the style.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or subshrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers regular, in terminal or axillary cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed, slightly enlarged in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-tube short, with throat closed by ± squarish or crescent-shaped appendages; lobes 5, spreading, obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, inserted in the corolla-tube, included
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 4-lobed; style gynobasic; stigma capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of 1–4 nutlets with glochidiate spines usually covering most of the surface.
Distribution
Almost cosmopolitan genus with some 75 species.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Angola, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Borneo, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Comoros, Congo, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Free State, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Manchuria, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nigeria, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qinghai, Queensland, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Somalia, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Australia, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arkansas, Ascension, Bolivia, Brazil South, California, Chile Central, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kentucky, Kermadec Is., Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Missouri, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Panamá, Peru, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Tennessee, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Venezuela, Vermont

Cynoglossum L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28376], Cameroon K000029873
Eyles, F. [8843], Zimbabwe 17687.000
Sanford, W.W. [5379], Cameroon K000029872

First published in Sp. Pl.: 134 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Brand in Engl. Pflanzenr. 4, 252 (1921).
  • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 51

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Brand in Engl., Pflanzenr. 78 [IV, 252]: 114 (1921).
  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 65 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl.: 134 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Brand in E.P. IV. 252 (78): 114 (1921)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 65 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 134 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0