1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Mitracarpus Zucc.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Erect or prostrate annual or perennial herbs with 4-angled stems.
    Stipules
    Stipules connate with the petioles to form a fimbriated sheath.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite; lamina linear-lanceolate to ovate or broadly elliptic.
    Flowers
    Flowers not heterostylous or only slightly so, in dense spherical sessile terminal or axillary heads.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube obconic, obovoid or subglobose; teeth 4–5,2 often longer, sometimes with minute supplementary ones between.
    Corolla
    Corolla salver-shaped or funnel-shaped, the tube often with an internal ring of hairs; lobes 4; throat glabrous or hairy.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted in the throat; anthers included or exserted.
    Disc
    Disk fleshy.
    Style
    Style short or long, divided into 2 short linear branches.
    Ovary
    Ovary 2(3)-locular; ovules solitary in each locule, attached by the middle to the septum.
    Fruits
    Fruit a thin circumscissile capsule, the upper part splitting off together with the calyx lobes, the septum persistent.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong or globose, the ventral face divided into 4 distinct areas; endosperm fleshy.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Erect or prostrate annual or perennial herbs with 4-angled stems
    Stipules
    Stipules connate with the petioles to form a fimbriated sheath
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite; blades linear-lanceolate to ovate or broadly elliptic
    Flowers
    Flowers not heterostylous or only slightly so, in dense spherical sessile terminal or axillary heads
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube obconic, obovoid or subglobose; teeth 4–5, 2 often longer, sometimes with minute supplementary ones between
    Corolla
    Corolla salver-shaped or funnel-shaped, the tube often with an internal ring of hairs; lobes 4; throat glabrous or hairy
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted in the throat, anthers included or exserted
    Disc
    Disc fleshy
    Style
    Style short or long, divided into 2 short linear branches
    Ovary
    Ovary 2(–3)-locular; ovules solitary in each locule, attached by the middle to the septum
    Fruits
    Fruit a thin circumscissile capsule, the upper part splitting off together with the calyx-lobes, the septum persistent
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong or globose, the ventral face divided into 4 distinct areas; endosperm fleshy.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Aruba, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Marianas, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mississippi, Myanmar, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Philippines, Queensland, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Mitracarpus Zucc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1975 Eiten [4438], Maranhão K000447057
    Harley, R.M. [53887], Brazil K001204570
    Queiroz, L.P. [5125], Brazil K001204560
    Queiroz, L.P. [5193], Brazil K001204567
    Irwin, H.S. [19600], Brazil K001204549
    Silva, M.M. [324], Brazil K001204565
    Schumann [2889] K001204558
    Langsdorff [69], Brazil K001204552
    Folli, D.A. [3206], Brazil K001204551
    Riedel [2324], Brazil K001204553
    Pipoly, J. [6611], Brazil K001204555
    Pastore, J.F.B. [2052], Brazil K001204559
    Nunes, T.S. [1399], Brazil K001204573
    Williams, L.O. [8023], Brazil K001204550
    Nascimento, M.S.B. [462], Brazil K001204564
    Prance, G.T. [28775], Brazil K001204554
    Prance, G.T. [9431], Brazil K001204575
    Mexia, Y. [4717], Brazil K001204548
    Glaziou, A. [18989], Brazil K001204556
    Glaziou, A. [19422], Brazil K001204557
    Colaço, M. [53], Brazil K001204562
    Colaço, M. [61], Brazil K001204563
    Fontana, A.P. [820], Brazil K001204561
    Fontana, A.P. [760], Brazil K001204568
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [3012], Brazil K001204566
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [2795], Brazil K001204571
    Vidal, J. [III/88/b], Brazil K001204572
    Leal, S. [14], Brazil K001204569
    Hofmann, A. [167], Brazil K001204574

    First published in J.A.Schultes & J.H.Schultes, Mant. 3: 210 (1827)

    Accepted by

    • de Souza, E.B., Cabral, E.L. & Zappi, D.C. (2010). Revisão de Mitracarpus (Rubiaceae - Spermacoceae) para o Brasil Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 61: 319-352.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 3: 243.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Anderson in Taxon 20: 643 (1971).
    • in Schultes & Schultes, Syst. Veg.3, Mant. : 210 (1827), in obs.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Anderson in Taxon 20: 643 (1971)
    • in Schultes & Schultes, Mant. Pl. 3: 210 (1827), in obs.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0