1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Veronica L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Falkland Island, Tuamotu, Southern America, Northern America, Australasia and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes woody at the base
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite
    Bracts
    Bracts sometimes foliose, usually alternate
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal or lateral (then main axis continuing vegetative growth) racemes; terminal racemes sometimes elongated with foliose bracts; bracteoles absent
    Calyx
    Calyx deeply divided into 4(–5) often unequal segments, the fifth posterior segment when present usually smaller
    Corolla
    Corolla rotate to campanulate, with 4 (rarely 5) lobes; tube short, rarely exceeding the calyx; upper and lower lobes often narrower
    Stamens
    Stamens 2, inserted on the corolla tube at the sides of the upper lobe, exserted; anther thecae divergent or parallel, obtuse, confluent at the apex
    Style
    Style with subcapitate stigma
    Fruits
    Fruit a loculicidal and sometimes also pseudosepticidal capsule, more or less compressed at right angles to the septum, usually with hairs and venose surface
    Seeds
    Seeds few or many, ellipsoidal or suborbicular, affixed by the inner flat or concave surface, reticulate, sometimes almost smooth, or rugulose on the back, often with a thickened or keeled margin.
    Note
    It is surprising that only one of the temperate European annual “speedwells” of cultivated ground and lawns has been reported from the Flora area. Others likely to occur are V. polita L., V. peregrina L., and V. arvensis L.  Several species are cultivated as ornamental shrubs in upland gardens and parks: V. longifolia L., V. salicifolia Forst.f., V. speciosa A.Cunn., V. spicata L., and the shrubby species often referred to Hebe.
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, erect, prostrate or decumbent, glabrous or pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or occasionally verticillate or scattered, entire or variously dentate or crenate.
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal or axillary racemes or rarely solitary-axillary, bracteate.
    Inflorescences
    Pedicels ebracteolate.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4- or 5-partite; where present, fifth posterior lobe usually smaller.
    Corolla
    Corolla 4–5-lobed; tube short, rarely exceeding calyx.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2, perfect, exserted; inserted on corolla tube at sides of upper lobe; anther-thecae divergent or parallel, obtuse.
    Style
    Style apically subcapitate.
    Fruits
    Capsule compressed or turgid, bisulcate, loculicidal.
    Seeds
    Seeds few to many.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, France, Free State, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Louisiana, Madeira, Magadan, Malawi, Manchuria, Manitoba, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Svalbard, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tuamotu, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Ascension, Bermuda, Chile North, Crozet Is., Easter Is., Galápagos, Haiti, Hawaii, Juan Fernández Is., Madagascar, Maryland, Mauritius, Norfolk Is., Réunion, Socotra, South Georgia, St.Helena, Tristan da Cunha, West Virginia

    Veronica L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rico, L. [1789], Armenia K000297291

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 9 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Andrés-Sánchez, S., Rico, E., Herrero, A., Santos-Vicente, M. & Martínez-Ortega, M.M. (2009). Combining traditional morphometrics and molecular markers in cryptic taxa: towards an updated integrative taxonomic treatment for Veronica subgenus Pentasepalae (Plantaginaceae sensu APG II) in the western Mediterranian Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 159: 68-87.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 356.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Sp. Pl.: 12 (1753).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Sp. P1.: 9 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/