1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Crinum L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific, Southern America, Northern America, Australasia and Asia-Temperate.


    Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Flowers regular to slightly irregular, often white with red keel, sometimes pure white or pink, hypocrateriform or infundibuliform, with a long narrow cylindrical tube always longer than 6 cm. in East Africa
    Filaments filiform
    Ovary oblong, with many ovules per locule; integuments lacking; style long (up to 20 cm.), with undivided stigma
    Fruit a large many-seeded capsule, with fleshy or membranous wall, indehiscent or bursting irregularly
    Seeds globose, somewhat flattened or irregularly shaped, greenish or greyish, glabrous or occasionally papillose, often germinating in the fruit.
    Bulbous plants with leaves in a basal rosette or rarely distichously arranged, never biflabellate, lacking a false stem (in East Africa)
    Leaves strap-shaped, lanceolate or linear, with or without a thickened midrib
    Scape lateral, solid
    Inflorescence with 1–25 large flowers, subtended by 2 free bracts



    Found In:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced Into:

    Bahamas, Chagos Archipelago, Cook Is., Dominican Republic, Juan Fernández Is., Leeward Is., Line Is., Madeira, Marianas, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Nauru, North Carolina, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Society Is., Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuvalu, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Crinum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Identified Reference Herbarium Specimen Type Status
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8970], Myanmar K001131955
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8972] K001131958
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8972] K001131959
    Hood, J.A. [649 - 52] 35994.000
    Gambia 45565.000
    Gambia 45566.000
    Gambia 45568.000
    Sierra Leone 17329.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [7746], Kenya 17330.000
    Cox, J.K., Ghana 18883.000
    Zimbabwe 15595.000
    Eyles, F. [8796], Zimbabwe 15596.000
    Wild, H. [44538], Zimbabwe 19069.000
    Somalia 19070.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [5625], Kenya 19071.000
    Wild, H. [3149], Zimbabwe 19072.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 292 (1753)

    Accepted in:

    • [1] Govaerts, R. (1999) World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne


    • [2] F.T.A. 7: 393.
    • [3] Sp. Pl. 291 (1753)


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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