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  1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Crinum L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.


    Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Flowers regular to slightly irregular, often white with red keel, sometimes pure white or pink, hypocrateriform or infundibuliform, with a long narrow cylindrical tube always longer than 6 cm. in East Africa
    Filaments filiform
    Ovary oblong, with many ovules per locule; integuments lacking; style long (up to 20 cm.), with undivided stigma
    Fruit a large many-seeded capsule, with fleshy or membranous wall, indehiscent or bursting irregularly
    Seeds globose, somewhat flattened or irregularly shaped, greenish or greyish, glabrous or occasionally papillose, often germinating in the fruit.
    Bulbous plants with leaves in a basal rosette or rarely distichously arranged, never biflabellate, lacking a false stem (in East Africa)
    Leaves strap-shaped, lanceolate or linear, with or without a thickened midrib
    Scape lateral, solid
    Inflorescence with 1–25 large flowers, subtended by 2 free bracts



    Native to:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bahamas, Chagos Archipelago, Cook Is., Dominican Republic, Juan Fernández Is., Leeward Is., Line Is., Madeira, Marianas, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Nauru, North Carolina, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Society Is., Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuvalu, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Crinum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Zimbabwe 15595.000
    Sierra Leone 17329.000
    Somalia 19070.000
    Gambia 45565.000
    Gambia 45566.000
    Gambia 45568.000
    Wild, H. [44538], Zimbabwe 19069.000
    Wild, H. [3149], Zimbabwe 19072.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [7746], Kenya 17330.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [5625], Kenya 19071.000
    Cox, J.K., Ghana 18883.000
    Eyles, F. [8796], Zimbabwe 15596.000
    Hood, J.A. [649 - 52] 35994.000
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8970], Myanmar K001131955
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8972] K001131958
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8972] K001131959


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 292 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • F.T.A. 7: 393.
    • Sp. Pl. 291 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Nordal in Norw. Journ. Bot. 24: 179 (1977)
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 11: 27 (1973)
    • Bak., Amaryll.: 74(1888)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 141 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 291 (1753)


    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa
    © Plants and People Africa