1. Family: Chrysobalanaceae R.Br.
    1. Chrysobalanus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America, Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Chrysobalanaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Small or medium-sized trees or shrubs.
    Leaves
    Lower leaf-surface glabrous or with a few stiff appressed hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence few-flowered, a short raceme of cymules or cymose throughout, or a false raceme or a subsessile fascicle.
    Bracts
    Bracts small, eglandular.
    Flowers
    Flowers actinomorphic.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle-tube cupuliform, interior and exterior puberulous.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, acute, subequal.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, longer than the sepals.
    Stamens
    Stamens 12–26, forming a complete circle; filaments hairy, c. twice as long as sepals, appearing slightly united at the base.
    Ovary
    Ovary monocarpellary, 1-locular, inserted at base of receptacle, covered with a dense mass of hairs.
    Pistil
    Styles puberulous; stigma slightly expanded, shallowly 3-lobed.
    Fruits
    Drupe small, glabrous; endocarp thin, hard, interior glabrous, exterior smooth, with 4–8 prominent longitudinal ridges corresponding to the lines of fracture that allow the seedling to escape.
    [FTEA]

    Rosaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, petiolate, entire; blade with two small basal glands
    Flowers
    Flowers with a shallow receptacle
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes and petals 5
    Stamens
    Stamens 15 or more, all or partly fertile, the filaments usually partly united towards the base, inserted all round the rim of the receptacle
    Carpels
    Carpel single, sessile, inserted at the base of the receptacle
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous, with a large stone.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Liberia, Mali, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Chad, Fiji, Hawaii, Malawi, Malaya, Marquesas, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Tanzania, Vietnam

    Chrysobalanus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Identified Reference Herbarium Specimen Type Status
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 7507] K001127423
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 7496] K001127406
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 7496] K001127407

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 513 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 2: 365.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 229 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 513 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 229 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 513 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    [A] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    [B] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [C] © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [D] © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0